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Malawi

Assessment of the Suna trap for sampling mosquitoes indoors and outdoors

February 28, 2019 - 15:31 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Monicah M. Mburu, Kennedy Zembere, Alexandra Hiscox, Jomo Banda, Kamija S. Phiri, Henk van den Berg, Themba Mzilahowa, Willem Takken and Robert S. McCann
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:51, 22 February 2019

The efficiency of the Suna trap in sampling mosquitoes was equivalent to that of the HLC.

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The impact of early life exposure to Plasmodium falciparum on the development of naturally acquired immunity to malaria in young Malawian children

January 22, 2019 - 14:51 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Priyanka Barua, James G. Beeson, Kenneth Maleta, Per Ashorn and Stephen J. Rogerson
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:11, 18 January 2019

Antibodies to merozoite and IE surface antigens increased following infection in early childhood, but neither age at first infection nor number of malaria episodes substantially affected antibody acquisition.

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The effect of mobile phone text message reminders on health workers’ adherence to case management guidelines for malaria and other diseases in Malawi: lessons from qualitative data from a cluster-randomized trial

January 2, 2019 - 15:31 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Blessings N. Kaunda-Khangamwa, Laura C. Steinhardt, Alexander K. Rowe, Austin Gumbo, Dubulao Moyo, Humphreys Nsona, Peter Troell, Dejan Zurovac and Don Mathanga
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2018 17:481, 19 December 2018

Text-message reminders to HWs can provide a platform to improve understanding of treatment guidelines and case management decision-making skills, but might not improve actual adherence to guidelines.

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Prevalence of inherited blood disorders and associations with malaria and anemia in Malawian children

November 21, 2018 - 15:24 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Patrick T. McGann, Anne M. Williams, Parminder S. Suchdev, et al.
Reference: 
Blood Advances 2018 2:3035-3044

In sub-Saharan Africa, inherited causes of anemia are common, but data are limited regarding the geographical prevalence and coinheritance of these conditions and their overall contributions to childhood anemia.

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Factors associated with insecticide-treated net usage among women of childbearing age in Malawi: a multilevel analysis

October 23, 2018 - 14:41 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Owen Nkoka, Ting-Wu Chuang, Kun-Yang Chuang and Yi-Hua Chen
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2018 17:372, 19 October 2018

The findings confirmed the importance of assessing various factors affecting ITN usage among groups of WOCBA.

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Pharmacokinetics and Safety Profile of Artesunate-Amodiaquine Coadministered with Antiretroviral Therapy in Malaria-Uninfected HIV-Positive Malawian Adults

July 3, 2018 - 16:23 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Clifford G. Banda, Fraction Dzinjalamala, Mavuto Mukaka, Jane Mallewa, Victor Maiden, Dianne J. Terlouw, David G. Lalloo, Saye H. Khoo and Victor Mwapasa
Reference: 
Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. July 2018 vol. 62 no. 7 e00412-18

There are limited data on the pharmacokinetic and safety profiles of artesunate-amodiaquine in human immnunodeficiency virus-infected (HIV+) individuals receiving antiretroviral therapy.

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Household-level and surrounding peri-domestic environmental characteristics associated with malaria vectors Anopheles arabiensis and Anopheles funestus along an urban–rural continuum in Blantyre, Malawi

June 13, 2018 - 08:27 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Nicole F. Dear, Chifundo Kadangwe, Themba Mzilahowa, Andy Bauleni, Don P. Mathanga, Chifundo Duster, Edward D. Walker and Mark L. Wilson
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2018 17:229, 8 June 2018

This study revealed how small-scale agriculture along a rural-to-urban transition was associated with An. arabiensis and An. funestus indoor abundances, and that indoor Anopheles density can be high within Blantyre city limits, particularly where agriculture is present

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Association between timing and number of antenatal care visits on uptake of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria during pregnancy among Malawian women

May 29, 2018 - 14:40 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Owen Nkoka, Ting-Wu Chuang and Yi-Hua Chen
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2018 17:211, 25 May 2018

ANC attendance is vital in IPTp uptake.

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Simulation models predict that school-age children are responsible for most human-to-mosquito Plasmodium falciparum transmission in southern Malawi

April 4, 2018 - 15:11 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Jenna E. Coalson, Lauren M. Cohee, Mark L. Wilson, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2018 17:147, 3 April 2018

These results suggest that U5 children play a small role compared to SAC in maintaining P. falciparum transmission in southern Malawi.

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Effect of nutrient supplementation on the acquisition of humoral immunity to Plasmodium falciparum in young Malawian children

February 7, 2018 - 16:11 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Priyanka Barua, Upeksha P. Chandrasiri, James G. Beeson, Kathryn G. Dewey, Kenneth Maleta, Per Ashorn and Stephen J. Rogerson
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2018 17:74, 7 February 2018

Pre- and postnatal lipid-based nutrient supplementation did not alter malaria antibody acquisition during infancy, compared to prenatal supplementation with iron and folic acid or pre- and postnatal supplementation with multiple micronutrients.

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