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Ethiopia

Burden of malaria among adult patients attending general medical outpatient department and HIV care and treatment clinics in Oromia, Ethiopia: a comparative cross-sectional study

December 22, 2015 - 16:22 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Guda Alemayehu, Zenebe Melaku, Richard Reithinger, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:501 (15 December 2015)

The study documented lower malaria prevalence among the HIV-seropositive attendants who come for routine follow up. Clinical symptoms of malaria were more pronounced among HIV-seronegative than HIV-seropositive patients.

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Therapeutic efficacy of chloroquine for the treatment of Plasmodium vivax malaria among outpatients at Hossana Health Care Centre, southern Ethiopia

November 19, 2015 - 06:27 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Mesfin Assefa, Teferi Eshetu, Abdissa Biruksew
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:458 (17 November 2015)

The current study revealed that CQ showed a high rate of efficacy (96.7 %) among the study participants even though some reports from previous studies elsewhere in Ethiopia showed an increase in CQR P. vivax.

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NOT Open Access| Diagnostic performance of rapid diagnostic tests for the diagnosis of malaria at public health facilities in north-west Ethiopia

October 6, 2015 - 09:17 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Gebeyaw Getnet, Sisay Getie, Mitaly Srivastava, Wubet Birhan, Abebe A. Fola and Harald Noedl
Reference: 
Tropical Medicine & International Health, Volume 20, Issue 11, pages 1564–1568, November 2015

Although RDTs are commonly used at health posts in resource-limited environments, their sensitivity and specificity for the detection and species identification of Plasmodium parasites were poor compared to nPCR, suggesting caution in interpreting RDTs results.

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Quality of malaria diagnosis and molecular confirmation of Plasmodium ovale curtisi in a rural area of the southeastern region of Ethiopia

September 22, 2015 - 17:53 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Pedro Díaz, Patricia Lozano, Jose Rincón, Luz García, Francisco Reyes, Agustín Llanes
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:357 (18 September 2015)

The PCR detected more positive samples than the microscopy; in addition, P. ovale and P. ovale/P. vivax were detected that had not been detected by microscopy, which can affect in the infection control.

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Microscopic and molecular evidence of the presence of asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax infections in an area with low, seasonal and unstable malaria transmission in Ethiopia

August 20, 2015 - 15:33 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Lemu Golassa, Frederick N. Baliraine, Nizar Enweji, Berhanu Erko, Göte Swedberg and Abraham Aseffa
Reference: 
BMC Infectious Diseases 2015, 15:310

This study was undertaken to assess the presence and prevalence of asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax infections in south-central Oromia, Ethiopia.

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Efficacy of artemether–lumefantrine therapy for the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Southwestern Ethiopia

August 17, 2015 - 08:26 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Seleshi Mekonnen, Girmay Medhin, Nega Berhe, Ronald M Clouse, Abraham Aseffa
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:317 (15 August 2015)

Years after the introduction of AL in Ethiopia, the finding of this study is that AL has been highly effective in the treatment of uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria and reducing gametocyte carriage in southwestern Ethiopia.

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Incidence of Severe Malaria Syndromes and Status of Immune Responses among Khat Chewer Malaria Patients in Ethiopia

July 22, 2015 - 14:11 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Tsige Ketema, Ketema Bacha, Esayas Alemayehu, Argaw Ambelu
Reference: 
PLoS ONE 10(7): e0131212

Although more emphasis has been given to the genetic and environmental factors that determine host vulnerability to malaria, other factors that might have a crucial role in burdening the disease have not been evaluated yet.

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Geostatistical Modeling of Malaria Endemicity Using Serological Indicators of Exposure Collected Through School Surveys

July 16, 2015 - 16:13 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Ruth A. Ashton, Takele Kefyalew, Simon J. Brooker, et al.
Reference: 
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2015 vol. 93 no. 1 168-177

This is the first demonstration of serological indicators being used to detect large-scale heterogeneity in malaria transmission using samples from cross-sectional school-based surveys. The findings support the incorporation of serological indicators into periodic large-scale surveillance such as Malaria Indicator Surveys, and with particular utility for low transmission and elimination settings.

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Patients' perception and satisfaction on quality of laboratory malaria diagnostic service in Amhara Regional State, North West Ethiopia

June 12, 2015 - 11:34 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Agajie Bogale, Habtamu Kassa, Jemal Ali
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:241 (11 June 2015)

The observed level of satisfaction in the current study though encouraging when compared with some previous studies conducted in eastern Ethiopia on general laboratory services, still it requires scale-up in the enhancement of malaria laboratory diagnostic service in the fight against malaria.

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Past five-year trend, current prevalence and household knowledge, attitude and practice of malaria in Abeshge, south-central Ethiopia

June 4, 2015 - 08:10 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Fisseha Yimer, Abebe Animut, Berhanu Erko, Hassen Mamo
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:230 (3 June 2015)

Although malaria remains a primary cause of outpatient admission in WHC, the retrospective data showed a significantly declining trend.

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