The world's scientific and social network for malaria professionals
Subscribe to free Newsletter | 10588 malaria professionals are enjoying the free benefits of MalariaWorld today

Ethiopia

Anopheles cinereus implicated as a vector of malaria transmission in the highlands of north-west Ethiopia

November 28, 2019 - 06:29 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Lemma W, Alemu K, Birhanie M, Worku L, Niedbalski J, McDowell MA, Lobo NF.
Reference: 
Parasites & Vectors volume 12, Article number: 557 (2019)

Transmission of malaria in the highlands of Ethiopia is poorly understood and usually attributed to importation by mobile populations or local transmission by Anopheles arabiensis. To characterize and identify Anopheles species present in a highland area of northern Ethiopia, adult and larval collections were performed in Gondar town and the neighboring Senbet Debir village (Dembia district, > 2000 meters above sea level, masl), in addition to Bahir Dar town (capital of Amhara region) and Kumer Aftit village (Metema district, < 2000 masl).

Country: 

Antimalarial activity of hydromethanolic extract and its solvent fractions of Vernonia amygdalina leaves in mice infected with Plasmodium berghei

November 26, 2019 - 20:40 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Temesgen Bihonegn, Mirutse Giday, Getnet Yimer, Abebe Animut, Mekonnen Sisay
Reference: 
SAGE Open Medicine Volume 7: 1–10

Vernonia amygdalina Del. (Asteraceae) is reported to be traditionally used for the treatment of malaria. Based on folkloric repute of this plant in Ethiopian traditional medicine and crude extract-based ethnopharmacological studies conducted in few countries, this study was undertaken to evaluate the in vivo antimalarial activity of 80% methanol extract and its solvent fractions of the leaves of V. amygdalina in mice infected with Plasmodium berghei.

Country: 

Determinants of malaria treatment delay in northwestern zone of Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia, 2018

November 11, 2019 - 16:20 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Afewerki Tesfahunegn, Dawit Zenebe and Alefech Addisu
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:358, 9 November 2019

Globally malaria affects 212 million people and causes 438,000 deaths each year. Ensuring early and timely treatment of malaria is important for preventing and controlling of life-threatening complications and further transmission. 

Country: 
Medical Condition: 

The effect of ivermectin® on fertility, fecundity and mortality of Anopheles arabiensis fed on treated men in Ethiopia

November 11, 2019 - 16:16 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Wondemeneh Mekuriaw, Meshesha Balkew, Louisa A. Messenger, Delenasaw Yewhalaw, Adugna Woyessa and Fekadu Massebo
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:357, 8 November 2019

Insecticide resistance is a growing threat to malaria vector control. Ivermectin, either administered to humans or animals, may represent an alternate strategy to reduce resistant mosquito populations. The aim of this study was to assess the residual or delayed effect of administering a single oral dose of ivermectin to humans on the survival, fecundity and fertility of Anopheles arabiensis in Ethiopia.

Country: 

Utilization of key preventive measures for pregnancy complications and malaria among women in Jimma Zone, Ethiopia

November 8, 2019 - 16:57 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Mariame Ouedraogo, Jaameeta Kurji, Lakew Abebe, Ronald Labonté, Sudhakar Morankar, Kunuz Haji Bedru, Gebeyehu Bulcha, Muluemebet Abera, Beth K. Potter, Marie-Hélène Roy-Gagnon & Manisha A. Kulkarni
Reference: 
BMC Public Health volume 19, Article number: 1443 (2019)

In Ethiopia, malaria infections and other complications during pregnancy contribute to the high burden of maternal morbidity and mortality. Preventive measures are available, however little is known about the factors influencing the uptake of maternal health services and interventions by pregnant women in Ethiopia.

Country: 
Medical Condition: 
Medical Treatment: 

Spatiotemporal clustering of malaria in southern-central Ethiopia: A community-based cohort study

October 14, 2019 - 15:17 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Tarekegn Solomon, Eskindir Loha, Wakgari Deressa, Taye Gari, Bernt Lindtjørn
Reference: 
PLoS ONE 14(9): e0222986

Understanding the spatiotemporal clustering of malaria transmission would help target interventions in settings of low malaria transmission. The aim of this study was to assess whether malaria infections were clustered in areas with long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) alone, indoor residual spraying (IRS) alone, or a combination of LLINs and IRS interventions, and to determine the risk factors for the observed malaria clustering in southern-central Ethiopia.

Country: 
Medical Condition: 

Prevalence and distribution of G6PD deficiency: implication for the use of primaquine in malaria treatment in Ethiopia

October 8, 2019 - 14:57 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Eugenia Lo, Daibin Zhong, Beka Raya, Kareen Pestana, Cristian Koepfli, Ming-Chieh Lee, Delenasaw Yewhalaw and Guiyun Yan
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:340, 7 October 2019

G6PD enzyme deficiency is a common enzymatic X-linked disorder. Deficiency of the G6PD enzyme can cause free radical-mediated oxidative damage to red blood cells, leading to premature haemolysis. Treatment of Plasmodium vivax malaria with primaquine poses a potential risk of mild to severe acute haemolytic anaemia in G6PD deficient people. In this study, the prevalence and distribution of G6PD mutations were investigated across broad areas of Ethiopia, and tested the association between G6PD genotype and phenotype with the goal to provide additional information relevant to the use of primaquine in malaria treatment.

Country: 

Frequent expansion of Plasmodium vivax Duffy Binding Protein in Ethiopia and its epidemiological significance

September 24, 2019 - 15:08 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Eugenia Lo, Jessica B. Hostetler, Guiyun Yan, et al.
Reference: 
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 13(9): e0007222

Plasmodium vivax invasion of human erythrocytes depends on the Duffy Binding Protein (PvDBP) which interacts with the Duffy antigen.

Country: 
Medical Condition: 

Sero-identification of the aetiologies of human malaria exposure (Plasmodium spp.) in the Limu Kossa District of Jimma Zone, South western Ethiopia

September 2, 2019 - 15:27 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Sindew Mekasha Feleke, Bokretsion Gidey Brhane, Hassen Mamo, Ashenafi Assefa, Adugna Woyessa, Guilherme Maerschner Ogawa and Vitaliano Cama
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:292, 27 August 2019

Malaria remains a very important public health problem in Ethiopia. Currently, only Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax are considered in the malaria diagnostic and treatment policies. However, the existence and prevalence of Plasmodium ovale spp. and Plasmodium malariae in Ethiopia have not been extensively investigated. The objective of this study was to use a multiplex IgG antibody detection assay to evaluate evidence for exposure to any of these four human malaria parasites among asymptomatic individuals.

Country: 

Multiplex serology demonstrate cumulative prevalence and spatial distribution of malaria in Ethiopia

July 23, 2019 - 15:31 -- Open Access
Tags: 
Author(s): 
Ashenafi Assefa, Ahmed Ali Ahmed, Jimee Hwang, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:246, 22 July 2019

Measures of malaria burden using microscopy and rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) in cross-sectional household surveys may incompletely describe the burden of malaria in low-transmission settings. This study describes the pattern of malaria transmission in Ethiopia using serological antibody estimates derived from a nationwide household survey completed in 2015.

Country: 

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Ethiopia