The trend analysis of malaria data from health facilities is useful for understanding dynamics of malaria epidemiology and inform for future malaria control planning. Changes in clinical malaria characteristics, like gender and age distribution are good indicators of declining malaria transmission. This study was conducted to determine the malaria trend at Arjo-Didessa sugar development site and its vicinity, southwest Ethiopia, from 2008 to 2017.
The clinical malaria incidence and anaemia prevalence were similar in the four study groups.
The lack of clarity from COI sequence analysis highlights potential challenges of species identification within species complexes.
This study confirmed that reservoir-associated factors (distance from reservoir shoreline, monthly average reservoir water level, monthly water level change) were important predictors of increased malaria incidence in villages around Ethiopian dams in all elevation settings.
The putative diagnostic doses of clothianidin and chlorfenapyr are appropriate for monitoring resistance in An. arabiensis from Ethiopia.
In this study, only 30% of children took the recommended first-line treatment.
Three types of malaria transmission patterns were observed: (1) low importation and low local transmission; (2) high importation and low local transmission; and, (3) low importation and high local transmission.
Streams were prolific breeding habitats of Anopheles mosquitoes followed by ponds and swamps in the dry seasons.
A low proportion of malaria-suspected patients sought treatment within 24 h of fever onset compared to the national target.
The number of index cases per kebele may enhance RACD efforts to detect additional malaria cases in low transmission settings