Molecular surveillance has great potential; however, it requires preliminary local studies in order to properly interpret the emerging patterns in the context of elimination.
In order to assess how historical drug policies impacted Plasmodium falciparum in Venezuela, we examined molecular changes in genes associated with drug resistance.
We used local spatial statistics and geographically weighted regression (GWR) to determine the spatial pattern of malaria incidence and persistence in northeastern Venezuela.
Using a rapid malaria appraisal method, the objective of the study was to provide baseline data about malaria and malaria control in Amazonas State. The authors conclude that malaria control is possible, even in tropical rain forest areas, if the health system is working adequately.