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Tanzania

Sibling species of the Anopheles funestus group, and their infection with malaria and lymphatic filarial parasites, in archived and newly collected specimens from northeastern Tanzania

March 10, 2015 - 13:10 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Yahya A Derua, Michael Alifrangis, Stephen M Magesa, William N Kisinza, Paul E Simonsen
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:104 (6 March 2015)

The study indicated that the composition of the An. funestus group had remained rather stable during the study period, with An. funestus s.s. being the most predominant.

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In vivo antiplasmodial and toxicological effect of Maytenus senegalensis traditionally used in the treatment of malaria in Tanzania

March 9, 2015 - 14:54 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Hamisi M Malebo, Victor Wiketye, Andrew Y Kitua, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:79 (14 February 2015)

In Tanzania and elsewhere, medicinal plants, including Maytenus senegalensis, are still widely used in the treatment of malaria and other ailments. The aim of the present study was to investigate the in vivo antiplasmodial and toxic effects in mice.

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Quality assurance of malaria rapid diagnostic tests used for routine patient care in rural Tanzania: microscopy versus real-time polymerase chain reaction

March 2, 2015 - 18:37 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Irene M Masanja, Meredith L McMorrow, Mussa B Maganga, Debora Sumari, Venkatachalam Udhayakumar, Peter D McElroy, S Kachur, Naomi W Lucchi
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:85 (19 February 2015)

Overall there was limited agreement among the three diagnostic approaches and neither microscopy nor qPCR appear to be good QA options for RDTs under field conditions.

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The use of mediation analysis to assess the effects of a behaviour change communication strategy on bed net ideation and household universal coverage in Tanzania

February 3, 2015 - 15:51 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Emily E Ricotta, Marc Boulay, Robert Ainslie, Stella Babalola, Megan Fotheringham, Hannah Koenker, Matthew Lynch
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:15 (21 January 2015)

The results of this study indicate that mediation analysis is an applicable new tool to assess SBCC campaigns.

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Challenges and opportunities for implementing an intersectoral approach in malaria control in Tanzania

January 13, 2015 - 09:43 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Malongo R.S. Mlozi, Susan F. Rumisha, Tabitha Mlacha, Veneranda M. Bwana, Elizabeth H. Shayo, Benjamin K. Mayala, Robert C. Malima, Kijakazi O. Mashoto, Leonard E.G. Mboera
Reference: 
Tanzania Journal of Health Research, Volume 17, Number 1, January 2015

The current strategies for malaria control in Tanzania need to address socio-economic and development activities across sectors and emphasise the need for intersectoral collaboration.

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Experimental hut evaluation of linalool spatial repellent agar gel against Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto mosquitoes in a semi-field system in Bagamoyo, Tanzania

December 19, 2014 - 16:16 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Mgeni Tambwe, Edgar Mbeyela, Brian Massinda, Sarah Moore, Marta Maia
Reference: 
Parasites & Vectors 2014, 7:550 (5 December 2014)

Our results indicate that linalool agar gel emanators are not adequate as a spatial repellent against Anopheles gambiae s.s.. However adding linalool to known repellent formulations could be advantageous, not only because of its pleasant scent but also because of the delayed mortality effect it has on mosquitoes.

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Epidemiology of malaria in a village in the Rufiji River Delta, Tanzania: declining transmission over 25 years revealed by different parasitological metrics

December 10, 2014 - 16:22 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Anna Färnert, Victor Yman, Ingegerd Rooth, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2014, 13:459 (26 November 2014)

A marked decline in malaria transmission was observed over 25 years.

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The independent effect of living in malaria hotspots on future malaria infection: an observational study from Misungwi, Tanzania

December 5, 2014 - 15:53 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Jacklin F Mosha, Hugh JW Sturrock, Joelle M Brown, Ramadhani Hashim, Gibson Kibiki, Daniel Chandramohan, Roland D Gosling
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2014, 13:445 (21 November 2014)

It is likely that targeting such hotspots with better coverage and improved malaria control strategies will result in more cost-efficient uses of resources to move towards malaria elimination.

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Comparison of detection methods to estimate asexual Plasmodium falciparum parasite prevalence and gametocyte carriage in a community survey in Tanzania

November 26, 2014 - 15:07 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Felista Mwingira, Blaise Genton, Abdu-Noor M Kabanywanyi, Ingrid Felger
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2014, 13:433 (18 November 2014)

This study aimed to evaluate the extent of missed infections via a community survey in Tanzania, using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect P. falciparum parasites and gametocytes.

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Cytochrome P450 single nucleotide polymorphisms in an indigenous Tanzanian population: a concern about the metabolism of artemisinin-based combinations

November 20, 2014 - 15:43 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Karol J Marwa, Theresa Schmidt, Maria Sjögren, Omary MS Minzi, Erasmus Kamugisha, Göte Swedberg
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2014, 13:420 (3 November 2014)

The impact of these point mutations on the metabolism of anti-malarial drugs, particularly artemisinin-based combinations, and their potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs) needs to be further evaluated.

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