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Tanzania

Pregnant women and infants as sentinel populations to monitor prevalence of malaria: results of pilot study in Lake Zone of Tanzania

August 8, 2016 - 07:55 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Ritha A. Willilo, Fabrizio Molteni, Jeremiah M. Ngondi, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2016 15:392, 29 July 2016

Malaria infection was common and well correlated among pregnant women and infants attending routine health services.

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Prenatal exposure to Plasmodium falciparum increases frequency and shortens time from birth to first clinical malaria episodes during the first two years of life: prospective birth cohort study

July 27, 2016 - 07:25 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Boniphace Sylvester, Dinah B. Gasarasi, Said Aboud, Donath Tarimo, Siriel Massawe, Rose Mpembeni and Gote Swedberg
Reference: 
Malar Journal 2016 15:379, 22 July 2016

Prenatal exposure to P. falciparum shortens time from birth to first clinical malaria episode and increases frequency of clinical malaria episodes in the first 2 years of life.

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Molecular monitoring of Plasmodium falciparum super-resistance to sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine in Tanzania

June 28, 2016 - 16:56 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Reginald A. Kavishe, Robert D. Kaaya, Michael Alifrangis, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2016 15:335, 23 June 2016

Selection of SP super-resistant Pfdhps A581G is highest in northern Tanzania.

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Safety of a single low-dose of primaquine in addition to standard artemether-lumefantrine regimen for treatment of acute uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Tanzania

June 13, 2016 - 16:23 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Richard Mwaiswelo, Billy E. Ngasala, Irina Jovel, Roland Gosling, Zul Premji, Eugenie Poirot, Bruno P. Mmbando, Anders Björkman and Andreas Mårtensson
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2016 15:316, 10 June 2016

The findings support that the WHO recommendation of adding a single low-dose of PQ to standard AL regimen is safe for the treatment of acute uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria regardless of G6PD status in Tanzania.

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Knowledge and awareness of malaria and mosquito biting behaviour in selected sites within Morogoro and Dodoma regions Tanzania

May 25, 2016 - 17:41 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Mary M. Mathania, Sharadhuli I. Kimera and Richard S. Silayo
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2016 15:287, 23 May 2016

This study has shown that Anopheles is well known as the night-biting vector of malaria.

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Not Open Access | Performance of Interferon-Gamma and IP-10 Release Assays for Diagnosing Latent Tuberculosis Infections in Patients with Concurrent Malaria in Tanzania

April 12, 2016 - 17:00 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Camilla H. Drabe, Lasse S. Vestergaard, Pernille Ravn, et al.
Reference: 
Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 vol. 94 no. 4 728-735

We aimed to assess the possible influence of Plasmodium falciparum infection on the IGRA test QuantiFERON-TB GOLD® In-Tube (QFT) test and an in-house IP-10 release assay. In total, 241 Tanzanian adults were included; 184 patients with uncomplicated malaria (88 human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] coinfected) and 57 HIV-infected patients without malaria infection. 

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Correlations between household occupancy and malaria vector biting risk in rural Tanzanian villages: implications for high-resolution spatial targeting of control interventions

April 12, 2016 - 16:49 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Emmanuel W. Kaindoa, Gustav Mkandawile, Godfrey Ligamba, Louise A. Kelly-Hope and Fredros O. Okumu
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2016 15:199, 12 April 2016

This study demonstrates strong correlations between household occupancy and malaria vector densities in households, but also spatial correlations of these variables within and between villages in rural southeastern Tanzania.

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Durability of Olyset campaign nets distributed between 2009 and 2011 in eight districts of Tanzania

April 5, 2016 - 16:39 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Dennis J. Massue, Sarah J. Moore, Lena M. Lorenz, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2016 15:176, 18 March 2016

Two-to-four years after a mass campaign, only 39 % of distributed nets remain both present and in serviceable physical condition, a functional survival considerably below WHO assumptions of 50 % survival of a ‘three-year’ net.

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Stakeholders’ opinions and questions regarding the anticipated malaria vaccine in Tanzania

April 5, 2016 - 16:37 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Sally Mtenga, Angela Kimweri, Shubi Kafuruki, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2016 15:189, 5 April 2016

Stakeholders had high acceptance and positive opinions towards the combined use of the anticipated malaria vaccine and ITNs, and that their acceptance remains high even when the vaccine may not provide full protection, this is a crucial finding for malaria vaccine policy decisions in Tanzania.

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Monitoring patient care through health facility exit interviews: an assessment of the Hawthorne effect in a trial of adherence to malaria treatment guidelines in Tanzania

March 23, 2016 - 16:38 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Leurent B, Reyburn H, Muro F, Mbakilwa H, Schellenberg D
Reference: 
BMC Infectious Diseases 2016, 16 :59 (3 February 2016)

The Hawthorne effect was investigated by comparing routine data according to whether exit interviews had been conducted on three key indicators of malaria care. Adjusted logistic mixed-effects models were used, taking into account the dependencies within health facilities and calendar days.

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