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Tanzania

Affordable house designs to improve health in rural Africa: a field study from northeastern Tanzania

August 10, 2017 - 15:40 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Lorenz von Seidlein, Konstantin Ikonomedis, Jakob B Knudsen, et al.
Reference: 
The Lancet, Volume 1, No. 5, e188–e199, August 2017

The new design houses had fewer mosquitoes and were cooler than modified and unmodified traditional homes.

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Malaria surveillance and use of evidence in planning and decision making in Kilosa District, Tanzania

August 10, 2017 - 06:47 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Leonard E.G. Mboera, Susan F. Rumisha, Tabitha Mlacha, Benjamin K. Mayala, Veneranda M. Bwana, Elizabeth H. Shayo
Reference: 
Tanzania Journal of Health Research, Vol 19, No 3 (2017)

Malaria surveillance system in Kilosa district is weak and utilization of evidence for planning and decision making is poor.

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A longitudinal cohort study of malaria exposure and changing serostatus in a malaria endemic area of rural Tanzania

August 3, 2017 - 15:19 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Ryan A. Simmons, Leonard Mboera, Wendy P. O’Meara, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2017 16:309, 2 August 2017

While the population-level results concur with previously published sero-epidemiological surveys, the individual-level results highlight the more complex relationship between detected infections and antibody dynamics than can be analysed using cross-sectional data.

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Deployment and use of mobile phone technology for real-time reporting of fever cases and malaria treatment failure in areas of declining malaria transmission in Muheza district north-eastern Tanzania

August 3, 2017 - 15:09 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Filbert Francis, Deus S. Ishengoma, Edwin Michael, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2017 16:308, 1 August 2017

The study showed that mobile phone-based technology can be successfully used by VHWs in surveillance and timely reporting of fever episodes and monitoring of treatment failure in remote areas.

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Demand and willingness-to-pay for bed nets in Tanzania: results from a choice experiment

July 18, 2017 - 15:11 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Chris D. Gingrich, Emily Ricotta, Amos Kahwa, Catherine Kahabuka and Hannah Koenker
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2017 16:285, 14 July 2017

The results suggest that private demand for nets in Tanzania could potentially supplement future coverage campaigns.

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Community perceptions on outdoor malaria transmission in Kilombero Valley, Southern Tanzania

July 11, 2017 - 11:57 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Irene R. Moshi, Halfan Ngowo, Angel Dillip, Daniel Msellemu, Edith P. Madumla, Fredros O. Okumu, Maureen Coetzee, Ladslaus L. Mnyone and Lenore Manderson
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2017 16:274, 4 July 2017

Community understanding of multiple prevention strategies is crucial given changes in mosquito host seeking behaviour and the increased incidence of outdoor biting.

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Host-seeking activity of a Tanzanian population of Anopheles arabiensis at an insecticide treated bed net

July 5, 2017 - 14:25 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Josephine E. A. Parker, Natalia C. Angarita Jaimes, Katherine Gleave, Fabian Mashauri, Mayumi Abe, Jackline Martine, Catherine E. Towers, David Towers and Philip J. McCall
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2017 16:270, 4 July 2017

The study has demonstrated the potential for detailed investigations of behaviour of wild mosquito populations under field conditions.

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Effect of pharmacogenetics on plasma lumefantrine pharmacokinetics and malaria treatment outcome in pregnant women

July 5, 2017 - 14:21 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Ritah F. Mutagonda, Appolinary A. R. Kamuhabwa, Omary M. S. Minzi, Siriel N. Massawe, Muhammad Asghar, Manijeh V. Homann, Anna Färnert and Eleni Aklillu
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2017 16:267, 3 July 2017

Genetic variations in CYP3A4 and CYP3A5may influence LF pharmacokinetics and treatment outcome in pregnant women.

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Medical Treatment: 

Ivermectin-treated cattle reduces blood digestion, egg production and survival of a free-living population of Anopheles arabiensis under semi-field condition in south-eastern Tanzania

June 13, 2017 - 16:39 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Issa N. Lyimo, Stella T. Kessy, Kasian F. Mbina, Ally A. Daraja and Ladslaus L. Mnyone
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2017 16:239, 6 June 2017

This study demonstrates that long-lasting effects of ivermectin-treated cattle on egg production and survival of An. arabiensis may sustainably suppress their vector density, and reduce residual transmission of malaria.

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Medical Treatment: 

Malaria prevalence in asymptomatic and symptomatic children in Kiwangwa, Bagamoyo district, Tanzania

May 30, 2017 - 18:01 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Deborah Sumari, Felista Mwingira, Majige Selemani, Joseph Mugasa, Kefas Mugittu and Paul Gwakisa
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2017 16:222, 25 May 2017

A substantial difference in prevalence of symptomatic and asymptomatic infections observed in Kiwangwa ward underpins the use of molecular tools in malaria surveillance aiming at estimating prevalence and transmission.

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