The new design houses had fewer mosquitoes and were cooler than modified and unmodified traditional homes.
Malaria surveillance system in Kilosa district is weak and utilization of evidence for planning and decision making is poor.
While the population-level results concur with previously published sero-epidemiological surveys, the individual-level results highlight the more complex relationship between detected infections and antibody dynamics than can be analysed using cross-sectional data.
The study showed that mobile phone-based technology can be successfully used by VHWs in surveillance and timely reporting of fever episodes and monitoring of treatment failure in remote areas.
The results suggest that private demand for nets in Tanzania could potentially supplement future coverage campaigns.
Community understanding of multiple prevention strategies is crucial given changes in mosquito host seeking behaviour and the increased incidence of outdoor biting.
The study has demonstrated the potential for detailed investigations of behaviour of wild mosquito populations under field conditions.
Genetic variations in CYP3A4 and CYP3A5may influence LF pharmacokinetics and treatment outcome in pregnant women.
This study demonstrates that long-lasting effects of ivermectin-treated cattle on egg production and survival of An. arabiensis may sustainably suppress their vector density, and reduce residual transmission of malaria.
A substantial difference in prevalence of symptomatic and asymptomatic infections observed in Kiwangwa ward underpins the use of molecular tools in malaria surveillance aiming at estimating prevalence and transmission.