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Tanzania

Insecticides, bednets and medicines may slow malaria down, but real progress requires a more holistic approach

April 25, 2019 - 10:06 -- Fredros Okumu
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IN 30 SECONDS: There is no doubt that bed nets, insecticides, medicines and diagnostics will deliver significant successes against malaria in the short-term. But as major international partners continue prioritizing the commodity-based approach, African governments should be building the necessary resilience in affected communities. Countries should ensure safe houses and physical environments so that exposure to mosquito bites is minimized, strengthen health systems to identify and treat new malaria cases, expand access to health education in schools and households, and improve household economies and food security so that competing priorities are addressed. This needs to be a long-term strategy, paid for by domestic funding, subsidies, tax rebates or other innovative financing mechanisms – for example a ten-dollar malaria levy paid by international travelers visiting endemic countries. This way, the affected countries can better avoid malaria deaths and sickness, or rebounds of transmission, which currently place such a strain on national health outcomes and development.

Comparison of malaria treatment outcome of generic and innovator’s anti-malarial drugs containing artemether–lumefantrine combination in the management of uncomplicated malaria amongst Tanzanian children

April 14, 2019 - 17:09 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Manase Kilonzi, Omary Minzi, Ritah Mutagonda, Philip Sasi, Appolinary Kamuhabwa and Eleni Aklillu
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Malaria Journal 2019 18:133, 11 April 2019

 

The findings of this study indicate that both Artefan® and Coartem® are equivalent and effective in the management of uncomplicated malaria amongst children in the Coast part of Tanzania.

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In vitro and in vivo studies on anti-malarial activity of Commiphora africana and Dichrostachys cinerea used by the Maasai in Arusha region, Tanzania

April 8, 2019 - 16:15 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Prisca A. Kweyamba, Denis Zofou, Noella Efange, Jules-Clement N. Assob, Jovin Kitau and Mramba Nyindo
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Malaria Journal 2019 18:119, 4 April 2019

The findings of this study provide scientific evidence supporting the traditional use of the plants in the treatment of malaria by the Maasai in Arusha region, Tanzania.

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Dynamics and monitoring of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors across mainland Tanzania from 1997 to 2017: a systematic review

March 27, 2019 - 16:04 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Deokary Joseph Matiya, Anitha B. Philbert, Winifrida Kidima and Johnson J. Matowo
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Malaria Journal 2019 18:102, 26 March 2019

This review has shown the dynamics and monitoring of insecticide resistance in malaria vector populations across mainland Tanzanian.

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High cure rates and tolerability of artesunate–amodiaquine and dihydroartemisinin–piperaquine for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Kibaha and Kigoma, Tanzania

March 27, 2019 - 15:59 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Celine I. Mandara, Filbert Francis, Deus S. Ishengoma, et al.
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Malaria Journal 2019 18:99, 25 March 2019

Both artemisinin-based combinations had high cure rates with PCR corrected ACPR of 100%.

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Efficacy and safety of artemether-lumefantrine for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria and prevalence of Pfk13 and Pfmdr1 polymorphisms after a decade of using artemisinin-based combination therapy in mainland Tanzania

March 26, 2019 - 15:45 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Deus S. Ishengoma, Celine I. Mandara, Venkatachalam Udhayakumar, et al.
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Malaria Journal 2019 18:88, 21 March 2019

The study indicated high efficacy of AL and the safety profile was consistent with previous reports.

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‘The mosquitoes are preparing to attack us’: knowledge and perceptions of communities in south-eastern Tanzania regarding mosquito swarms

February 28, 2019 - 15:46 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Marceline F. Finda, Emmanuel W. Kaindoa, Anna P. Nyoni and Fredros O. Okumu
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Malaria Journal 2019 18:56, 26 February 2019

Majority of the community members recognized presence of mosquito swarms in their communities but did not associate these swarms with mosquito mating.

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‘To be honest, women do everything’: understanding roles of men and women in net care and repair in Southern Tanzania

December 12, 2018 - 16:01 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Angel Dillip, Zawadi Mageni Mboma, George Greer and Lena M. Lorenz
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Malaria Journal 2018 17:459, 7 December 2018

With increased globalization in Tanzania, more women are becoming part of the workforce, which may limit their full commitment to net care and repair activities, leading to increased net damage, malaria incidences and higher costs for malaria treatment.

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Nationwide school malaria parasitaemia survey in public primary schools, the United Republic of Tanzania

December 6, 2018 - 16:48 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Frank Chacky, Manuela Runge, Renata Mandike, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2018 17:452, 5 December 2018

The observed prevalence among school children showed marked variation at regional and sub-regional levels across the country.

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