Anopheles gambiae s.s. showed an increasing tendency to feed on cattle.
Results of this study suggest that since malarial testing has become more widespread, clinicians working in resource-poor environments still face difficulty when evaluating a child with fever, especially when malaria testing is negative.
Microscopists who had recently completed refresher training and worked in a QA-pilot facility performed the best overall.
The proposed spatial modelling framework presents a rationale for equitable allocation of routine LLINs and could be used for quantification of other maternal and child health commodities applicable in different settings.
These findings demonstrate high Plasmodium infection rates among the primary malaria vectors An. gambiae s.s. and An. arabiensis, as well as in An. coustani for the first time in the region, and that non-human blood-meal sources play an important role in their ecology.
Individuals/caregivers were more likely to believe that the illness was malaria when the patient was treated with ACT, regardless of their test result.
There have been sustained improvements in the completeness of data reported for most key malaria indicators since the adoption of DHIS2 in Kenya in 2011.
The diagnostic performance of P-Genus FISH was shown to be inferior to Giemsa microscopy in the clinical samples.
It was evident that the community had more positive perceptions and attitudes towards the role of CHWs in CCMm than negative ones.
Most human Plasmodium infections in western Kenya are asymptomatic and are believed to contribute importantly to malaria transmission.