Cartographic approaches to burden estimation provide a globally consistent measure of malaria morbidity of known fidelity, and they represent the only plausible method in those malaria-endemic countries with nonfunctional national surveillance.
The evidence presented shows that drug quality is probably improving in both cities, especially Lagos, since major reductions of failure rates over time occur with all means of assessment. Many more samples failed when examined by Raman spectrometry than by Minilab protocol.
The differences in malaria treatment expenditures from consumers’ and providers’ perspectives point to high levels of informal payments, which worsen the economic burden of the disease and may predispose to catastrophic health spending.
Farmers are at high risk of malaria - a disease which seriously impacts on agricultural productivity. Unfortunately, information relating to agricultural practices and behavioural antecedent factors, that could assist malaria programmers plan and implement interventions to reduce risk of infections among farmers, is scanty.
Urban and rural mothers differed in their responses to childhood fevers. Training drug vendors and caretakers are important measures to improve malaria control. Health facilities with good quality services and readily available drugs should be provided.
The study determined (i) whether or not quartan malaria nephropathy (QMN) is still a major cause of childhood nephrotic syndrome (CNS) in Nigeria, (ii) secondary causes other than QMN and their associated glomerular pathology and (iii) renal and patient outcome.
The introduction of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) has improved the diagnosis and treatment of malaria. However, any successful control of malaria will depend on socio-economic factors that influence its management in the community.
The study reports on the relationship between delay in parasite clearance and anti-malarial treatment failure in children with falciparum malaria in an area of intense transmission in south-western Nigeria.
The factors contributing to anaemia in falciparum malaria were characterized in 1261 prospectively studied children in an endemic area of southwestern Nigeria.
Direct ophthalmoscopy seemed to be effective in detecting malarial retinopathy, but only when performed by experienced personnel.