A large proportion of pregnant women in this study were not sleeping under ITNs.
Non-improved housing predicted malaria infection among U5s in Nigeria. Improved housing is a promising means to support a more integrated and sustainable approach to malaria prevention.
Parasitaemia is higher in HIV-infected than uninfected children.
The study recommends that efforts designed to promote consistent use of bed nets should be state-specific and include strategies targeting ideational variables.
The level of knowledge of respondents about LLIN was high and the utilization of LLIN among U5 was above average, however, it is still far below the 80% target. Efforts should be made to further improve utilization of LLIN through intensified promotion and health education.
The study demonstrated positive perception to RDT use by HW and among community members with good compliance rate among health workers at the PHC level.
The capacity available for vector control research and surveillance at institutional level in Nigeria is weak and require further strengthening.
The malaria rapid diagnosis testing (RDT) landscape is rapidly evolving in health care delivery in Nigeria with many stakeholders playing or having potential for critical roles.
The good volume accuracy and high acceptability of the inverted cup device shown in this study, along with observed ease of use and safety in hands of health workers, further strengthens prior findings which demonstrated its higher accuracy as compared with other BTDs in a laboratory setting
Significant genetic diversity was observed between rural and urban parasite populations in Ibadan, southwestern Nigeria.