CHW adherence to referral guidelines was poor in both transmission settings.
Malaria prevalence among adult women appears to be low in Wakiso, but is masked by high rates of malaria overdiagnosis.
The application of m-Health technologies could improve access to medical services for distant populations.
This study showed that temporal associations between environmental factors with malaria morbidity vary by transmission setting in Uganda.
The burden of malaria in this birth cohort of HEU infants living in a high-transmission setting and taking daily TS prophylaxis was relatively low.
Across a range of transmission intensities in Uganda, microscopy vastly underestimated parasite prevalence, especially among adults.
Findings from this study suggest that the low use of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) in Butaleja for children 5 years and under may result from caregivers’ high perceived barrier to accessing ACT and low perceived benefits from ACT.
Results suggest that diagnosis of malaria based on symptoms alone appears to be highly inaccurate in this setting.
In this setting, IRS was temporally associated with lower malaria parasite prevalence during pregnancy and at delivery, and improved birth outcomes.
This study shows that knowledge among women that SP is a medication used for malaria prevention during pregnancy increases the uptake of two or more doses of this therapy among pregnant women.