Cases and controls were investigated for malaria using microscopic blood film analysis, placental histology, and immunohistochemistry for detection of B (CD20) and T lymphocytes (CD3).
The aim of this study was to estimate the malaria transmission intensity in 2 different ecological zones in a highly endemic malaria area of Sennar state in central Sudan over the main transmission period. Species confirmation by PCR indicated that Anopheles arabiensis was the only malaria vector in the study area, with high anthropophilic behaviour (84.9% human-feeding).
One hundred and seven placentae were investigated for malaria infection using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and histology.
This study assessed resistance to permethrin and DDT in seven populations of Anopheles arabiensis from Sudan.