The Madagascar National Strategic Plan for Malaria Control 2018 (NSP) outlines malaria control pre-elimination strategies that include detailed goals for mosquito control. Primary surveillance protocols and mosquito control interventions focus on indoor vectors of malaria, while many potential vectors feed and rest outdoors. Here we describe the application of tools that advance our understanding of diversity, host choice, and Plasmodium infection in the Anopheline mosquitoes of the Western Highland Fringe of Madagascar.
The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) Program has supported three household Malaria Indicator Surveys (MIS) in Madagascar.
The ASAQ combination remains highly effective for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Madagascar.
Health communication programmes should aim to improve IPTp/ANC-specific ideation, particularly the norms of seeking regular care during pregnancy and taking any prescribed medication.
This study identified critical districts with low incidence that shifted to high incidence and district that were consistent clusters across each year.
Long-term culture of P. vivax is possible in the RBCs of Saimiri boliviensis.
The collection of LLINs for recycling/disposal can lead to lower coverage under certain conditions.
This approach aims to maximize the usefulness of a sentinel surveillance system to predict and detect epidemics in limited-resource environments.
Prevalence and genetic diversity data indicate that the Makira region is a hotspot of P. falciparum transmission in Madagascar.
A sub-national perspective is essential when monitoring the epidemiology of malaria in Madagascar and assessing local control needs.