This retrospective study presents the epidemiological characteristics and predisposing factors of 60 of the malaria epidemics reported in Sistan va Baluchestan province during 2005-09.
Islamic Republic of Iran
Taken together, the lack of asymptomatic carrier with the evidence of extremely low seropositive to both P. vivax and P. falciparum among examined individuals supported the limited recent transmission in the studied areas and, therefore, these parts of Iran have potential to eliminate the disease in the next few years.
In conclusion, the present results suggest that SP could be effective in treatment against the erythrocytic stages of vivax malaria in Iran; however, the increased frequency of mutant haplotypes in Iran since 2006 is worrying and indicates the emergence of drug-tolerant/resistant P. vivax isolates in Iran in near future.
The main objective of this investigation was whether the combination therapy of sulfadoxine pyrimethamine (SP) plus artesunate (AS) protects against the spread of resistance to SP in malaria-endemic south-eastern Iran.