This paper is the first report providing divergence island SNP genotypes for natural population of Burkina Faso and corresponding Plasmodium infection rates.
These results highlight the important vector control challenge facing countries with high EIR despite the recent campaigns of bed net distribution.
The analysis of spatial distribution of infectious reservoir allowed the identification of risk areas as well as the identification of individual and contextual factors.
Malaria control is dependent on the use of longlasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) containing pyrethroids.
Community health worker-delivered RA does not affect the total out-of-pocket costs when used in children with CNS symptoms, but is associated with higher total out-of-pocket costs when used in children with less severe symptoms.
Malaria RDT testing performed at the participating rural health facilities resulted in more malaria false positives compared to those performed at central laboratory.
This study reveals that subclinical P. falciparum malaria infection is associated with sustained haemolysis and the induction of HO-1.
These findings indicate high and marked age and seasonal-dependency of malaria infections and disease during the first year of life in Nanoro, calling for intensified efforts to control malaria in rural Burkina Faso.
This study highlighted the spatial variability and relative temporal stability of malaria incidence around the capital Ouagadougou, in the central region of Burkina Faso.
Burkina Faso made considerable progress in coverage of ITN ownership, access and use between 2003 and 2014, as a result of the two free mass distribution campaigns in 2010 and 2013.