South Africa and Swaziland benefitted from the LSDI and were able to sustain malaria control and progress to the stage of elimination.
A predictive model based on environmental factors would be useful in the effort towards malaria elimination by fostering appropriate targeting of control measures and allocating of resources.
The newly developed ITWLs are highly accepted amongst participants in an unsprayed section of a village in a malaria-endemic area.
The reduction of imported cases will be vital to any future malaria control or elimination strategy.
X-linked Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) A- deficiency is prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa populations, and has been associated with protection from severe malaria.
This knock-on decrease in local infections was also predicted to be achieved through foreign source reduction. Elimination was only predicted to be possible under the scenario of zero imported infections in Mpumalanga.
The results of the present study showed that the DCM extract of A. ferox leaves may have the potential to be used as an insecticide against An. arabiensis. Further studies to isolate and identify active compounds are in progress.
SMS notification for each diagnosed malaria case improved the timeliness of data transmission, was acceptable to users and was technically feasible in this rural area.
Several anopheline species occur in the northern Kruger National Park and their densities fluctuate between seasons.
Overall, salinity, rainfall, and mosquito prevalence and season were the most influential vector-related factors on infection prevalence.