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Africa

NOT Open Access | Mapping potential Anopheles gambiae s.l. larval distribution using remotely sensed climatic and environmental variables in Baringo, Kenya

November 7, 2018 - 14:46 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
J. A. Amadi, G. O. Ong'amo, D. O. Olago, S. O. Oriaso, I. K. Nyamongo, B. B. A. Estambale
Reference: 
Medical and Veterinary Entomology Volume32, Issue4 December 2018 Pages 417-426

Anopheles gambiae s.l. (Diptera: Culicidae) is responsible for the transmission of the devastating Plasmodium falciparum (Haemosporida: Plasmodiidae) strain of malaria in Africa.

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Assessing whether universal coverage with insecticide-treated nets has been achieved: is the right indicator being used?

October 17, 2018 - 15:00 -- Open Access
Tags: 
Author(s): 
Hannah Koenker, Fred Arnold, Albert Kilian, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2018 17:355, 11 October 2018

The two household-level indicators—one representing minimal coverage, the other only ‘universal’ coverage—provide an incomplete and potentially misleading picture of personal protection and the success of an ITN distribution programme.

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Identification of a Novel Clinical Phenotype of Severe Malaria using a Network-Based Clustering Approach

September 4, 2018 - 16:19 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Ornella Cominetti, David Smith, Fred Hoffman, Muminatou Jallow, Marie L. Thézénas, Honglei Huang, Dominic Kwiatkowski, Philip K. Maini & Climent Casals-Pascual
Reference: 
Scientific Reports Volume 8, number: 12849 (2018)

The parasite Plasmodium falciparum is the main cause of severe malaria (SM). Despite treatment with antimalarial drugs, more than 400,000 deaths are reported every year, mainly in African children.

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Plasmodium vivax-like genome sequences shed new insights into Plasmodium vivax biology and evolution

August 29, 2018 - 15:45 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Aude Gilabert, Thomas D. Otto, Virginie Rougeron, et al.
Reference: 
PLoS Biol 16(8): e2006035

Although Plasmodium vivax is responsible for the majority of malaria infections outside Africa, little is known about its evolution and pathway to humans.

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Kitchen Sink Strategy and portfolio approach

August 17, 2018 - 14:09 -- William Jobin

It is valuable and refreshing to see contributions to strategies for malaria suppression in Africa from other disciplines, such as economics. Killeen and Reed pointed out that the portfolio effect cushions mosquito populations and malaria transmission against vector control interventions.(Killeen GF, Reed TE. Malar J. 2018 Aug 10;17(1):291. doi: 10.1186/s12936-018-2441-z.) Thus it must be considered when planning a strategy for Africa.

Nigeria should emphasize permanent control measures such as LSM

April 27, 2018 - 13:13 -- William Jobin

Given that the drop in malaria prevalence in Nigeria has been very modest in the last 5 years, it would be wise to take another look at the methods being used - which unfortunately are ephemeral (indoor sprays, bednets and drugs) and must be repeated every year. The lack of emphasis on permanent measures, such as Larval Source Management, is a key to the problem. With the ephemeral methods, because the national budget for malaria control can only increase slowly, thus the program will only increase slowly.

High return on investments in malaria suppression

April 27, 2018 - 13:11 -- William Jobin

Recently I published "Increased economic productivity after suppressing malaria transmission in 14 African countries" in the ejournal African Policy Journal, 2014 v9 Apr. This is a new journal run by students at Harvard Graduate School of Govt, and does not get picked up by the normal search engines, so I urge you to go to their website at African Policy Journal for their current articles.

Hydroxyurea for SCA in Africa: no malaria harm

December 19, 2017 - 15:28 -- Open Access
Tags: 
Author(s): 
Isaac Odame
Reference: 
Blood 14 December 2017, Volume 130, Number 24

The results of the NOHARM trial help address a major barrier to using hydroxyurea treatment in children with SCA in regions where malaria is endemic, thereby moving clinicians a step closer to its wider use across sub-Saharan Africa.

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Non-falciparum malaria imported mainly from Africa: a review from a Portuguese hospital

July 26, 2017 - 15:52 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Rogério Ruas, André Pinto, João Nuak, António Sarmento and Cândida Abreu
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2017 16:298, 25 July 2017

NFM remains an important cause of imported malaria in patients from sub-Saharan Africa, alone or as mixed infection with P. falciparum.

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