In this study we analysed the species composition of malarial sporozoites infecting the salivary glands of Anopheles dirus in order to determine their potential role as bridge vectors of Plasmodium parasites from monkeys to humans.
South East Asia
Amplification of the pfmdr1 gene is associated with clinical failures and reduced in vivo and in vitro sensitivity to both mefloquine and artemether–lumefantrine in South-East Asia.
There is a possible increasing risk of re-introduction of malaria to the country from imported cases.
In this context studying species associations and their relation to the environment offer some opportunities as they are less subject to sampling error than individual species.
Malaria treatment-seeking behaviour is not appropriate, and affecting factors include health service systems, social and cultural factors in Wa State of Myanmar.