In this study, we assessed the antiplasmodial effects of 5 extracts obtained from the neem tree Azadirachta indica and Guiera senegalensis against the early vector stages of Plasmodium falciparum, using field isolates.
Malaria control relies heavily on pyrethroid insecticides, to which susceptibility is declining in Anopheles mosquitoes.
We collected 1,643 larvae of which 1,404 reached adulthood. Of these 1,119 were An. pseudopunctipennis, and 285 were An. argyritarsis. Both An. pseudopunctipennis and An. argyritarsis were abundant in autumn (55.3% and 66.7%, respectively).
These larvicides resulted in 15 and 5 weeks of elimination of Culex spp., respectively, or 20 and 4 weeks of continuous elimination of U. lowii, respectively. Bti treatment provided little consistent control.
This study revealed introgression of the mitochondrial COI gene between An. sinensis and An. kleini through consecutive repeated backcrosses under laboratory conditions.
The study was carried out from October 2002 to February 2005 in three communes of the western foothill area of Madagascar.
The aim of this review is to examine the literature, up to December 31st, 2012, regarding repellent efficacy.
Data on Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto and A. funestus collected from households in Kilifi district, Kenya, were analysed using polynomial distributed lag generalized linear mixed models (PDL GLMMs).
The present study aimed to assess evidence for this hypothesis from controlled trials.
Together the findings indicate that Pf p52−/p36− GAP was severely but not completely attenuated. All six volunteers developed antibodies to CSP. Furthermore, IFN-γ responses to whole sporozoites and multiple antigens were elicited in 5 of 6 volunteers, with both CD4 and CD8 cell cytokine production detected