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mosquito vector

Immunofocusing humoral immunity potentiates the functional efficacy of the AnAPN1 malaria transmission-blocking vaccine antigen

April 7, 2021 - 12:09 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Bender NG, Khare P, Dinglasan RR, et al.
Reference: 
NPJ Vaccines. 2021 Apr 6;6(1):49

Malaria transmission-blocking vaccines (TBVs) prevent the completion of the developmental lifecycle of malarial parasites within the mosquito vector, effectively blocking subsequent infections. The mosquito midgut protein Anopheline alanyl aminopeptidase N (AnAPN1) is the leading, mosquito-based TBV antigen. Structure-function studies identified two Class II epitopes that can induce potent transmission-blocking (T-B) antibodies, informing the design of the next-generation AnAPN1.

Anthropogenic landscape decreases mosquito biodiversity and drives malaria vector proliferation in the Amazon rainforest

January 20, 2021 - 07:14 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Chaves LSM, Bergo ES, Conn JE, Laporta GZ, Prist PR, Sallum MAM
Reference: 
PLoS One. 2021 Jan 14;16(1):e0245087

Inter-relationships among mosquito vectors, Plasmodium parasites, human ecology, and biotic and abiotic factors, drive malaria risk. Specifically, rural landscapes shaped by human activities have a great potential to increase the abundance of malaria vectors, putting many vulnerable people at risk. Understanding at which point the abundance of vectors increases in the landscape can help to design policies and interventions for effective and sustainable control. Using a dataset of adult female mosquitoes collected at 79 sites in malaria endemic areas in the Brazilian Amazon, this study aimed to (1) verify the association among forest cover percentage (PLAND), forest edge density (ED), and variation in mosquito diversity; and to (2) test the hypothesis of an association between landscape structure (i.e., PLAND and ED) and Nyssorhynchus darlingi (Root) dominance.

NOT Open Access | Blood parasites of bird communities in Sri Lanka and their mosquito vectors

January 20, 2021 - 06:27 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Chathuranga WGD, Fernando BR, Weereratne TC, Karunaratne SHPP, De Silva WAPP.
Reference: 
Parasitol Res. 2021 Jan 16

Avian blood parasites have been shown to have significant health effects on avifauna worldwide. Sri Lanka, a tropical island rich with resident and migratory birds, has not been properly evaluated for avian blood parasites or their vectors. We investigated the presence of avian haemoparasites in Sri Lankan birds and the potential mosquito vectors of those pathogens. Blood samples were collected from local/migratory birds captured by standard mist nets from Anawilundawa bird sanctuary, Hanthana mountain range, and the University of Peradeniya park. Mosquitoes were collected from Halgolla forest reserve and the forest patches in Kurunegala and Gampola areas in addition to the above mist-netting localities.

PIMMS43 is required for malaria parasite immune evasion and sporogonic development in the mosquito vector

March 18, 2020 - 14:32 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Ukegbu CV, Giorgalli M, Tapanelli S, Rona LDP, Jaye A, Wyer C, Angrisano F, Blagborough AM, Christophides GK, Vlachou D
Reference: 
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020 Mar 12. pii: 201919709

After being ingested by a female Anopheles mosquito during a bloodmeal on an infected host, and before they can reach the mosquito salivary glands to be transmitted to a new host, Plasmodium parasites must establish an infection of the mosquito midgut in the form of oocysts. To achieve this, they must first survive a series of robust innate immune responses that take place prior to, during, and immediately after ookinete traversal of the midgut epithelium. Understanding how parasites may evade these responses could highlight new ways to block malaria transmission.

NOT Open Access | Global transcriptional repression: An initial and essential step for Plasmodium sexual development

October 14, 2015 - 10:39 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Masao Yuda, Shiroh Iwanaga, Izumi Kaneko, and Tomomi Kato
Reference: 
PNAS October 13, 2015 vol. 112 no. 41 12824-12829

Gametocytes are nonreplicative sexual forms that mediate malaria transmission to a mosquito vector.

Medical Condition: 
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