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Predicting distribution of malaria vector larval habitats in Ethiopia by integrating distributed hydrologic modeling with remotely sensed data

May 19, 2021 - 13:48 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Jiang AL, Lee MC, Zhou G, Zhong D, Hawaria D, Kibret S, Yewhalaw D, Sanders BF, Yan G, Hsu K
Reference: 
Sci Rep. 2021 May 12;11(1):10150

Larval source management has gained renewed interest as a malaria control strategy in Africa but the widespread and transient nature of larval breeding sites poses a challenge to its implementation. To address this problem, we propose combining an integrated high resolution (50 m) distributed hydrological model and remotely sensed data to simulate potential malaria vector aquatic habitats.

From 30 million to zero malaria cases in China: lessons learned for China-Africa collaboration in malaria elimination

April 22, 2021 - 08:27 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Chen JH, Fen J, Zhou XN
Reference: 
Infect Dis Poverty. 2021 Apr 20;10(1):51

Malaria was once one of the most serious public health problems in China, with more than 30 million malaria cases annually before 1949. However, the disease burden has sharply declined and the epidemic areas has shrunken after the implementation of an integrated malaria control and elimination strategy, especially since 2000.

NOT Open Access | Digital Health Care Services to Control and Eliminate Malaria in India

February 3, 2021 - 14:40 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Nema S, Verma AK, Tiwari A, Bharti PK
Reference: 
Trends Parasitol. 2021 Feb;37(2):96-99

In the rural and tribal areas of India, poor healthcare services for malaria are posing a great challenge to malaria control and elimination.

Reactive Case Detection (RACD) and foci investigation strategies in malaria control and elimination: a review

November 11, 2020 - 14:25 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Ruwanthi Perera, Amandhi Caldera and A. Rajitha Wickremasinghe
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:401, 10 November 2020

Reactive case detection (RACD) and foci investigation are key strategies in malaria elimination and prevention of its re-establishment. They are a key part of surveillance that has been recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) to be considered as a core intervention and as one of the three pillars of the Global Technical Strategy for Malaria 2016–2030.

Evaluating the impact of larviciding with Bti and community education and mobilization as supplementary integrated vector management interventions for malaria control in Kenya and Ethiopia

November 4, 2020 - 10:08 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Clifford M. Mutero, Collins Okoyo, Melaku Girma, Joseph Mwangangi, Lydia Kibe, Peter Ng’ang’a, Dereje Kussa, Gracious Diiro, Hippolyte Affognon and Charles M. Mbogo
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:390, 3 November 2020

Malaria prevention in Africa is mainly through the use of long-lasting insecticide treated nets (LLINs). The objective of the study was to assess the effect of supplementing LLINs with either larviciding with Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti) or community education and mobilization (CEM), or with both interventions in the context of integrated vector management (IVM).

The role of improved housing and living environments in malaria control and elimination

November 4, 2020 - 09:56 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Richard Carter and Nadira D. Karunaweera
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:385, 31 October 2020

Malaria risk and endemicity is often associated with the nature of human habitation and living environment. The disappearance of malaria from regions where it had been endemic for centuries, such as coastal areas of southern England, has been attributed, at least in part, to improvement in the quality of housing. Moreover, indigenous malaria transmission ceased throughout England without the necessity to eliminate the vector mosquitoes.

Quantifying Plasmodium falciparum infections clustering within households to inform household-based intervention strategies for malaria control programs: An observational study and meta-analysis from 41 malaria-endemic countries

November 3, 2020 - 15:26 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Stresman G, Whittaker C, Slater HC, Bousema T, Cook J
Reference: 
PLoS Med. 2020 Oct 29;17(10):e1003370

Reactive malaria strategies are predicated on the assumption that individuals infected with malaria are clustered within households or neighbourhoods. Despite the widespread programmatic implementation of reactive strategies, little empirical evidence exists as to whether such strategies are appropriate and, if so, how they should be most effectively implemented.

Why (not) participate in citizen science? Motivational factors and barriers to participate in a citizen science program for malaria control in Rwanda

August 25, 2020 - 15:24 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Asingizwe D, Poortvliet PM, Koenraadt CJM, van Vliet AJH, Ingabire CM, Mutesa L, Leeuwis C
Reference: 
PLoS One. 2020 Aug 24;15(8):e0237396

This study explores the motivational factors and barriers to participate in a citizen science program for malaria control in Rwanda. It assesses the changes in motivational factors over time and compares these factors among age and gender groups. Using a qualitative approach, this study involved 44 participants. At the initial stage, people participated in the program because of curiosity, desire to learn new things, helping others, and willingness to contribute to malaria control.

NOT Open Access | Pandemic's fallout on malaria control appears limited so far

August 24, 2020 - 15:06 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Roberts L
Reference: 
Science. 2020 Aug 21;369(6506):892

Back in March when COVID-19 hit, some scientists worried malaria cases and deaths might soar. African countries went on lockdown; worried about mass gatherings, they suspended campaigns to distribute mosquito-fighting bed nets. Fears abounded that with clinics overwhelmed by COVID-19, patients would be unable to get treatment for malaria.

Moving towards malaria elimination in southern Mozambique: Cost and cost-effectiveness of mass drug administration combined with intensified malaria control

July 7, 2020 - 13:41 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Cirera L, Galatas B, Alonso S, Paaijmans K, Mamuquele M, Martí-Soler H, Guinovart C, Munguambe H, Luis F, Nhantumbo H, Montañà J, Bassat Q, Candrinho B, Rabinovich R, Macete E, Aide P, Alonso P, Saúte F, Sicuri E
Reference: 
PLoS ONE 15(7): e0235631

As new combinations of interventions aiming at interrupting malaria transmission are under evaluation, understanding the associated economic costs and benefits is critical for decision-making. This study assessed the economic cost and cost-effectiveness of the Magude project, a malaria elimination initiative implemented in a district in southern Mozambique (i.e. Magude) between August 2015–June 2018. This project piloted a combination of two mass drug administration (MDA) rounds per year for two consecutive years, annual rounds of universal indoor residual spraying (IRS) and a strengthened surveillance and response system on the back of universal long-lasting insecticide treated net (LLIN) coverage and routine case management implemented by the National Malaria Control Program (NMCP). Although local transmission was not interrupted, the project achieved large reductions in the burden of malaria in the target district.

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