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Burkina Faso

Anti-malarial efficacy and resistance monitoring of artemether-lumefantrine and dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine shows inadequate efficacy in children in Burkina Faso, 2017–2018

January 20, 2021 - 08:38 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Adama Gansané, Leah F. Moriarty, Halidou Tinto, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:48, 19 January 2021

The World Health Organization recommends regularly assessing the efficacy of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT), which is a critical tool in the fight against malaria. This study evaluated the efficacy of two artemisinin-based combinations recommended to treat uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Burkina Faso in three sites: Niangoloko, Nanoro, and Gourcy.

Quantifying individual variability in exposure risk to mosquito bites in the Cascades region, Burkina Faso

January 20, 2021 - 08:26 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Federica Guglielmo, Antoine Sanou, Thomas Churcher, Heather M. Ferguson, Hilary Ranson and Ellie Sherrard-Smith
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:44, 18 January 2021

The Cascades region, Burkina Faso, has a high malaria burden despite reported high insecticide-treated mosquito net (ITN) use. Human and vector activities outside the hours when indoor interventions offer direct protection from infectious bites potentially increase exposure risk to bites from malaria-transmitting Anopheles mosquitoes. This work investigated the degree of variation in human behaviour both between individuals and through time (season) to quantify how it impacts exposure to malaria vectors.

Insecticide resistance status of malaria vectors Anopheles gambiae (s.l.) of southwest Burkina Faso and residual efficacy of indoor residual spraying with microencapsulated pirimiphos-methyl insecticide

January 20, 2021 - 06:07 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Soma DD, Zogo B, Dabiré RK, et al.
Reference: 
Parasit Vectors. 2021 Jan 18;14(1):58

The rapid spread of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors and the rebound in malaria cases observed recently in some endemic areas underscore the urgent need to evaluate and deploy new effective control interventions. A randomized control trial (RCT) was conducted with the aim to investigate the benefit of deploying complementary strategies, including indoor residual spraying (IRS) with pirimiphos-methyl in addition to long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) in Diébougou, southwest Burkina Faso.

Constructing a malaria-related health service readiness index and assessing its association with child malaria mortality: an analysis of the Burkina Faso 2014 SARA data

January 6, 2021 - 12:44 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Millogo O, Doamba JEO, Sié A, Utzinger J, Vounatsou P
Reference: 
BMC Public Health. 2021 Jan 5;21(1):20

The Service Availability and Readiness Assessment surveys generate data on the readiness of health facility services. We constructed a readiness index related to malaria services and determined the association between health facility malaria readiness and malaria mortality in children under the age of 5 years in Burkina Faso.

Red blood cell homeostasis in children and adults with and without asymptomatic malaria infection in Burkina Faso

December 3, 2020 - 12:24 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Kaboré B, Post A, Berendsen MLT, Diallo S, Lompo P, Derra K, Rouamba E, Jacobs J, Tinto H, de Mast Q, van der Ven AJ
Reference: 
PLoS One. 2020 Nov 30;15(11):e0242507

Asymptomatic malaria infections may affect red blood cell (RBC) homeostasis. Reports indicate a role for chronic hemolysis and splenomegaly, however, the underlying processes are incompletely understood. New hematology analysers provide parameters for a more comprehensive analysis of RBC hemostasis. Complete blood counts were analysed in subjects from all age groups (n = 1118) living in a malaria hyperendemic area and cytokines and iron biomarkers were also measured. Subjects were divided into age groups (<2 years, 2-4, 5-14 and ≥15 years old) and clinical categories (smear-negative healthy subjects, asymptomatic malaria and clinical malaria).

Malaria and curable sexually transmitted infections in pregnant women: A two-years observational study in rural Burkina Faso

November 18, 2020 - 12:03 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Zango SH, Lingani M, Robert A, et al.
Reference: 
PLoS One. 2020 Nov 16;15(11):e0242368

Malaria and curable sexually transmitted infections (STI) are the most common curable infections known to have a severe impact on pregnancy outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aims to assess the marginal and joint prevalence of symptomatic cases of malaria and STI in pregnant women living in rural settings of Burkina Faso and their associated factors, after more than a decade of the introduction of intermittent preventive treatment (IPT-SP).

Prevalence and factors associated with carriage of Pfmdr1 polymorphisms among pregnant women receiving intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) and artemether-lumefantrine for malaria treatment in Burkina Faso

November 11, 2020 - 14:20 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Hamtandi Magloire Natama, Rouamba Toussaint, Djamina Line Cerine Bazié, Sékou Samadoulougou, Maminata Coulibaly-Traoré, Halidou Tinto and Fati Kirakoya-Samadoulougou
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:399, 10 November 2020

Single nucleotide polymorphisms occurring in the Plasmodium falciparum multidrug resistant gene 1 (pfmdr1) are known to be associated with aminoquinoline resistance and, therefore, represent key P. falciparum markers for monitoring resistance both in susceptible groups (children under 5 years old and pregnant women) and in the general population. This study aimed to determine prevalence and factors associated with the carriage of pfmdr1 N86Y, Y184F and D1246Y polymorphisms among pregnant women in a setting of high malaria transmission in Burkina Faso.

NOT Open Access | Short Persistence and Vector Susceptibility to Ficam 80WP (bendiocarb active ingredient) During Pilot Application of Indoor Residual Spraying in Burkina Faso, West Africa

November 10, 2020 - 14:33 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Hien AS, Soma DD, Somé FA, Namountougou M, Poda SB, Ouédraogo GA, Diabaté A, Dabiré RK
Reference: 
J Med Entomol. 2020 Nov 9:tjaa240

Indoor residual spraying (IRS) was applied in addition to the use of long-lasting insecticidal nets in the South West in Burkina Faso, where Anopheles gambiae s.l. the major malaria vector was resistant to pyrethroids. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and residual life of bendiocarb (active ingredient) used for spraying on different wall surfaces (mud and cement).

Addressing challenges in routine health data reporting in Burkina Faso through Bayesian spatiotemporal prediction of weekly clinical malaria incidence

October 7, 2020 - 16:01 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Rouamba T, Samadoulougou S, Kirakoya-Samadoulougou F
Reference: 
Sci Rep. 2020 Oct 6;10(1):16568

Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries' health systems are often vulnerable to unplanned situations that can hinder their effectiveness in terms of data completeness and disease control. For instance, in Burkina Faso following a workers' strike, comprehensive data on several diseases were unavailable for a long period in 2019. Weather, seasonal-malaria-chemoprevention (SMC), free healthcare, and other contextual data, which are purported to influence malarial disease, provide opportunities to fit models to describe the clinical malaria data and predict the disease spread.

Extended spectrum beta-lactamase and fluoroquinolone resistance genes among Escherichia coli and Salmonella isolates from children with diarrhea, Burkina Faso

October 6, 2020 - 12:53 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Dembélé R, Konaté A, Barro N, et al.
Reference: 
BMC Pediatr. 2020 Oct 3;20(1):459

The emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria (MDR) has become a major public health concern worldwide. This resistance is caused by enzymes-mediated genes (i.e., extended spectrum beta-lactamases) that are common in certain Enterobacterioceae species. However, the distribution of these genes is poorly documented in Burkina Faso. This study aims to determine the prevalence and distribution of the resistant genes coding for broad spectrum beta-lactamases and quinolones in rural Burkina Faso.

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