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Europe

NOT Open Access | Rising temperature and its impact on receptivity to malaria transmission in Europe: A systematic review

July 7, 2020 - 13:45 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Fischer L, Gültekin N, Kaelin MB, Fehr J, Schlagenhauf P
Reference: 
Travel Med Infect Dis. 2020 Jul 3:101815

Malaria is one of the most life-threatening vector-borne diseases globally. Recent autochthonous cases registered in several European countries have raised awareness regarding the threat of malaria reintroduction to Europe. An increasing number of imported malaria cases today occur due to international travel and migrant flows from malaria-endemic countries. The cumulative factors of the presence of competent vectors, favourable climatic conditions and evidence of increasing temperatures might lead to the re-emergence of malaria in countries where the infection was previously eliminated.

The Role of Mass Drug Administration of Antimalarials

July 7, 2020 - 12:51 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Alonso PL
Reference: 
Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 00(00), 2020, pp. 1–2

Either intuition or empiricism must have led to the use of antimalarial drugs to both treat and prevent malaria, pre-dating the identification of the malaria parasite and the mode of its transmission. Josep Masdevall in the XVIII century managed epidemics in Spain through the administration of compounds that included the bark of the cinchona tree. In more recent times, mass drug administration (MDA) was the first form of chemoprevention used against malaria in the early 1900s.

NOT Open Access | Surprising differences in the respiratory protein of insects: A spectroscopic study of haemoglobin from the European honeybee and the malaria mosquito

March 19, 2020 - 09:01 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Nys K, Cuypers B, Berghmans H, Hammerschmid D, Moens L, Dewilde S, Van Doorslaer S
Reference: 
Biochim Biophys Acta Proteins Proteom. 2020 Mar 13 :140413

Only recently it was discovered that haemoglobin (Hb) belongs to the standard gene repertoire of insects, although their tracheal system is used for respiration. A classical oxygen-carrying function of Hb is only obvious for hexapods living in hypoxic environments.

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