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Evaluating the impact of larviciding with Bti and community education and mobilization as supplementary integrated vector management interventions for malaria control in Kenya and Ethiopia

November 4, 2020 - 10:08 -- Open Access
Clifford M. Mutero, Collins Okoyo, Melaku Girma, Joseph Mwangangi, Lydia Kibe, Peter Ng’ang’a, Dereje Kussa, Gracious Diiro, Hippolyte Affognon and Charles M. Mbogo
Malaria Journal 2020 19:390, 3 November 2020

Malaria prevention in Africa is mainly through the use of long-lasting insecticide treated nets (LLINs). The objective of the study was to assess the effect of supplementing LLINs with either larviciding with Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti) or community education and mobilization (CEM), or with both interventions in the context of integrated vector management (IVM).

Not Open Access | Messenger students' engagement scale: Community perspectives on school-based malaria education in Ethiopia

October 21, 2020 - 08:24 -- NOT Open Access
Kebede Y, Alemayehu G, Abebe L, Sudhakar M, Birhanu Z
Health Soc Care Community. 2020 Oct 17

A two-year school-based malaria education intervention was developed to engage students as implementers in malaria prevention and control in the Oromia region, Ethiopia. The current study aimed to validate messenger students' engagement scale (MSES) in malaria education. The scale development process was done stepwise. Multiple behavioural theories were examined to derive possible domains of engagement.

NOT Open Access | HRP2/3 Mutation in Recrudescent Plasmodium falciparum Malaria Case Acquired in Ethiopia

October 21, 2020 - 08:17 -- NOT Open Access
Gefen-Halevi S, Belinson V, Manor U, Gazit Z, Smollan G, Belausov N, Biber A, Schwartz E, Grossman T, Leshem E, Amit S
J Travel Med. 2020 Oct 15:taaa196

A 65-year-old Israeli working in Welkait, Ethiopia, not using malaria prophylaxis, developed fever. Malaria RDT was consistent with non-falciparum malaria (plasmodium LDH+/HRP-) but microscopy showed typical P. falciparum.

Determinants of malaria among under-five children in Ethiopia: Bayesian multilevel analysis

October 1, 2020 - 15:24 -- Open Access
Aychiluhm SB, Gelaye KA, Angaw DA, Dagne GA, Tadesse AW, Abera A, Dillu D
BMC Public Health. 2020 Sep 29;20:1468

In Ethiopia, malaria is one of the public health problems, and it is still among the ten top leading causes of morbidity and mortality among under-five children.

Impact of sugarcane irrigation on malaria vector Anopheles mosquito fauna, abundance and seasonality in Arjo-Didessa, Ethiopia

September 24, 2020 - 08:06 -- Open Access
Assalif Demissew, Dawit Hawaria, Solomon Kibret, Abebe Animut, Arega Tsegaye, Ming-Cheih Lee, Guiyun Yan and Delenasaw Yewhalaw
Malaria Journal 2020 19:344, 22 September 2020

Despite extensive irrigation development in Ethiopia, limited studies assessed the impact of irrigation on malaria vector mosquito composition, abundance and seasonality. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of sugarcane irrigation on species composition, abundance and seasonality of malaria vectors.

Costing malaria interventions from pilots to elimination programmes

September 15, 2020 - 10:34 -- Open Access
Katya Galactionova, Mar Velarde, Kafula Silumbe, John Miller, Anthony McDonnell, Ricardo Aguas, Thomas A. Smith and Melissa A. Penny
Malaria Journal 2020 19:332, 14 September 2020

Malaria programmes in countries with low transmission levels require evidence to optimize deployment of current and new tools to reach elimination with limited resources. Recent pilots of elimination strategies in Ethiopia, Senegal, and Zambia produced evidence of their epidemiological impacts and costs. There is a need to generalize these findings to different epidemiological and health systems contexts.

Effectiveness of peer-learning assisted primary school students educating the rural community on insecticide-treated nets utilization in Jimma-zone Ethiopia

September 15, 2020 - 10:32 -- Open Access
Yohannes Kebede, Lakew Abebe, Guda Alemayehu, Morankar Sudhakar and Zewdie Birhanu
Malaria Journal 2020 19:331, 11 September 2020

Making insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) utilization a social norm would support the global goal of malaria eradication and Ethiopian national aim of its elimination by 2030. Jimma zone is one of the endemic settings in Ethiopia. This study aimed to report effects of malaria education, delivered by students, on community behaviours; particularly ITNs.

Active case detection of malaria in pregnancy using loop-mediated amplification (LAMP): a pilot outcomes study in South West Ethiopia

September 1, 2020 - 09:45 -- Open Access
Guluma Tadesse, Claire Kamaliddin, Cody Doolan, Ranmalee Amarasekara, Ruth Legese, Abu Naser Mohon, James Cheaveau, Delenasaw Yewhalaw and Dylan R. Pillai
Malaria Journal 2020 19:305, 27 August 2020

125 million women are pregnant each year in malaria endemic areas and are, therefore, at risk of Malaria in Pregnancy (MiP). MiP is the direct consequence of Plasmodium infection during pregnancy. The sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum parasites in the placenta adversely affects fetal development and impacts newborn birth weight. Importantly, women presenting with MiP commonly develop anaemia. In Ethiopia, the Ministry of Health recommends screening symptomatic women only at antenatal care visits with no formal intermittent preventive therapy. Since MiP can display low-level parasitaemia, current tests which include microscopy and RDT are challenged to detect these cases. Loop mediated isothermal Amplification (LAMP) technology is a highly sensitive technique for DNA detection and is field compatible. This study aims to evaluate the impact of active malaria case detection during pregnancy using LAMP technology in terms of birth outcomes.

NOT Open Access | Evaluation of PfHRP2 and PfLDH Malaria Rapid Diagnostic Test Performance in Assosa Zone, Ethiopia

August 26, 2020 - 15:32 -- NOT Open Access
Alemayehu GS, Lopez K, Dieng CC, Lo E, Janies D, Golassa L
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2020 Aug 24

In malaria-endemic countries, rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) targeting Plasmodium falciparum histidine-rich protein 2 (PfHRP2) and lactate dehydrogenase (PfLDH) have been widely used. However, little is known regarding the diagnostic performances of these RDTs in the Assosa zone of northwest Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to determine the diagnostic performances of PfHRP2 and PfLDH RDTs using microscopy and quantitative PCR (qPCR) as a reference test.

Knowledge of malaria prevention and control methods and associated factors among rural households in west Belessa district, north west Ethiopia, 2019

August 25, 2020 - 15:36 -- Open Access
Aragie TB
BMC Public Health. 2020 Aug 24;20(1):1275

In Ethiopia malaria is one of the top ten leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Community knowledge of prevention and control methods had been proven to play an important role in the implementation of effective and sustainable interventions against malaria. This information is limited in the study area. This study aimed to assess knowledge of malaria prevention and control methods and its associated factors among households in West Belessa district, 2019.


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