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ethiopia

NOT Open Access | Prevalence and association of malaria with ABO blood group and hemoglobin level in individuals visiting Mekaneeyesus Primary Hospital, Estie District, northwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

March 4, 2021 - 11:11 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Tazebew B, Munshea A, Nibret E
Reference: 
Parasitol Res. 2021 Mar 3

Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal mosquito-borne disease caused by protozoan parasite of the genus Plasmodium. ABO blood group antigens represent polymorphic traits inherited among individuals and populations. Differences in blood group antigen expression can increase or decrease host susceptibility to many infections. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of malaria and its possible association with ABO blood group and hemoglobin level among individuals attending Mekaneeyesus Primary Hospital, Estie District, northwestern Ethiopia.

Mentorship on malaria microscopy diagnostic service in Ethiopia: baseline competency of microscopists and performance of health facilities

March 3, 2021 - 15:35 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Bokretsion Gidey, Desalegn Nega, Ebba Abate, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:115, February 2021

In Ethiopia, malaria cases are declining as a result of proven interventions, and in 2017 the country launched a malaria elimination strategy in targeted settings. Accurate malaria diagnosis and prompt treatment are the key components of the strategy to prevent morbidity and stop the continuation of transmission. However, the quality of microscopic diagnosis in general is deteriorating as malaria burden declines. This study was carried out to evaluate the competency of microscopists and the performance of health facilities on malaria microscopic diagnosis.

Access to malaria prevention and control interventions among seasonal migrant workers: A multi-region formative assessment in Ethiopia

February 25, 2021 - 08:28 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Argaw MD, Woldegiorgis AG, Workineh HA, Akelom BA, Abebe ME, Abate DT, Ashenafi EG
Reference: 
PLoS One. 2021 Feb 23;16(2):e0246251

Mobile or seasonal migrant workers are at increased risk for acquiring malaria infections and can be the primary source of malaria reintroduction into receptive areas. The aim of this formative assessment was to describe access to malaria prevention and control interventions among seasonal migrant or mobile workers in seven regional states of Ethiopia.

Detection of high prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum histidine-rich protein 2/3 gene deletions in Assosa zone, Ethiopia: implication for malaria diagnosis

February 23, 2021 - 14:24 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Gezahegn Solomon Alemayehu, Kayla Blackburn, Karen Lopez, Cheikh Cambel Dieng, Eugenia Lo, Daniel Janies and Lemu Golassa
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:109, 23 February 2021

Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) targeting histidine rich protein 2(HRP2) are widely used for diagnosis of Plasmodium falciparum infections. Besides PfHRP2, the PfHRP3 antigen contributes to the detection of P. falciparum infections in PfHRP2 RDTs. However, the performance HRP2-based RDT is affected by pfhrp2/3 gene deletions resulting in false-negative test results. The objective of this study was to determine the presence and prevalence of pfhrp2/3 gene deletions including the respective flanking regions among symptomatic patients in Assosa zone, Northwest Ethiopia.

Effects of rainfall, temperature and topography on malaria incidence in elimination targeted district of Ethiopia

February 23, 2021 - 14:12 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Desalegn Dabaro, Zewdie Birhanu, Abiyot Negash, Dawit Hawaria and Delenasaw Yewhalaw
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:104, 19 February 2021

Climate and environmental factors could be one of the primary factors that drive malaria transmission and it remains to challenge the malaria elimination efforts. Hence, this study was aimed to evaluate the effects of meteorological factors and topography on the incidence of malaria in the Boricha district in Sidama regional state of Ethiopia.

Prevalence of malaria and associated factors among under-five children in Sherkole refugee camp, Benishangul-Gumuz region, Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study

February 23, 2021 - 14:03 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Ahmed A, Mulatu K, Elfu B
Reference: 
PLoS One. 2021 Feb 19;16(2):e0246895

Under-five year children are the most vulnerable group affected by malaria, they accounted for 61% of all malaria deaths worldwide. Sherkole refugee camp is stratified under high risk for malaria. Knowledge on malaria prevalence and associated factors among under-five children in Sherkole refugee camp is lacking.

Malaria in migrant agricultural workers in western Ethiopia: entomological assessment of malaria transmission risk

February 17, 2021 - 09:09 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Sisay Dugassa, Mathew Murphy, Sheleme Chibsa, Yehualashet Tadesse, Gedeon Yohannes, Lena M. Lorenz, Hiwot Solomon, Delenasaw Yewhalaw and Seth R. Irish
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:95, 16 February 2021

Ethiopia has made great strides in malaria control over the last two decades. However, this progress has not been uniform and one concern has been reported high rates of malaria transmission in large agricultural development areas in western Ethiopia. Improved vector control is one way this transmission might be addressed, but little is known about malaria vectors in this part of the country.

Genetic polymorphisms of Plasmodium falciparum isolates from Melka-Werer, North East Ethiopia based on the merozoite surface protein-2 (msp-2) gene as a molecular marker

February 15, 2021 - 15:45 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Hussein Mohammed, Ashenafi Assefa, Melkie Chernet, Yonas Wuletaw and Robert J. Commons
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:85, 12 February 2021

The characterization of parasite populations circulating in malaria endemic areas is necessary to evaluate the success of ongoing interventions and malaria control strategies. This study was designed to investigate the genetic diversity of Plasmodium falciparum isolates from the semi-arid area in North East Ethiopia, using the highly polymorphic merozoite surface protein-2 (msp2) gene as a molecular marker.

Low practice of malaria prevention among migrants and seasonal farmworkers in Metema and west Armacheho districts, Northwest Ethiopia

February 8, 2021 - 10:46 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Demissie GD, Ayele TA, Wami SD, Sisay MM, Fetene D, Wolde HF, Akalu TY, Gelaye KA
Reference: 
BMC Infect Dis. 2021 Feb 4;21(1):145

More than hundreds and thousands of migrants and seasonal farm workers move from the highlands (relatively low malaria endemicity areas) to the lowlands (higher malaria endemicity areas) for the development of the corridor of the Amhara region during planting, weeding, and harvesting seasons in each year. Seasonal migrant workers are at high risk of malaria infection. Therefore, evidence of their knowledge level and practice in the prevention of malaria during their stay would be important.

Objective

The aims of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of malaria prevention and associated factors among migrants and seasonal farm workers in Northwest Ethiopia.

The epidemiology and detectability of asymptomatic plasmodium vivax and plasmodium falciparum infections in low, moderate and high transmission settings in Ethiopia

January 27, 2021 - 11:53 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Elifaged Hailemeskel, Surafel K Tebeje, Fitsum G. Tadesse, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:59, 22 January 2021

As countries move to malaria elimination, detecting and targeting asymptomatic malaria infections might be needed. Here, the epidemiology and detectability of asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax infections were investigated in different transmission settings in Ethiopia.

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