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ethiopia

Performance of malaria microscopy external quality assessment and networking among health facilities in west Amhara region, Ethiopia

May 21, 2020 - 06:35 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Tegegne B, Ejigu K, Alemu G, Fetene Y, Endaylalu K, Melese M
Reference: 
BMC Infect Dis. 2020 May 19; 20(1):355

Microscopic examination of peripheral blood smear produces reliable results both about the malaria infection status and level of parasitemia. However, test results are affected by skill of the laboratory personnel, workload, condition of microscopes and quality of laboratory supplies. Therefore, continuous monitoring of the performance of laboratories is of pivotal importance in order to make timely correction.

NOT Open Access | Case Report: Primaquine Failure for Radical Cure of Plasmodium vivax Malaria in Gambella, Ethiopia

May 13, 2020 - 14:45 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Teklehaimanot A, Teklehaimanot H, Girmay A, Woyessa A
Reference: 
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2020 May 11

Failures of primaquine for the treatment of relapsed Plasmodium vivax malaria is a serious challenge to malaria elimination in Ethiopia, where P. vivax accounts for up to 40% of malaria infections. We report here occurrence of a total of 15 episodes of primaquine treatment failure for radical cure in three historical P. vivax malaria patients from Gambella, Ethiopia, during 8–16 months of follow-up in 1985–1987.

Insecticide resistance in Anopheles stephensi in Somali Region, eastern Ethiopia

May 12, 2020 - 16:42 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Solomon Yared, Araya Gebressielasie, Lambodhar Damodaran, Victoria Bonnell, Karen Lopez, Daniel Janies and Tamar E. Carter
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:180, 12 May 2020

The movement of malaria vectors into new areas is a growing concern in the efforts to control malaria. The recent report of Anopheles stephensi in eastern Ethiopia has raised the necessity to understand the insecticide resistance status of the vector in the region to better inform vector-based interventions. The aim of this study was to evaluate insecticide resistance in An. stephensi in eastern Ethiopia using two approaches: (1) World Health Organization (WHO) bioassay tests in An. stephensi; and (2) genetic analysis of insecticide resistance genes in An. stephensi in eastern Ethiopia.

Evaluation of human-baited double net trap and human-odour-baited CDC light trap for outdoor host-seeking malaria vector surveillance in Kenya and Ethiopia

May 12, 2020 - 16:31 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Teshome Degefa, Delenasaw Yewhalaw, Guofa Zhou, Harrysone Atieli, Andrew K. Githeko and Guiyun Yan
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:174, 7 May 2020

Surveillance of outdoor host-seeking malaria vectors is crucial to monitor changes in vector biting behaviour and evaluate the impact of vector control interventions. Human landing catch (HLC) has been considered the most reliable and gold standard surveillance method to estimate human-biting rates. However, it is labour-intensive, and its use is facing an increasing ethical concern due to potential risk of exposure to infectious mosquito bites. Thus, alternative methods are required. This study was conducted to evaluate the performance of human-odour-baited CDC light trap (HBLT) and human-baited double net trap (HDNT) for outdoor host-seeking malaria vector surveillance in Kenya and Ethiopia.

Trend of declining bed net utilization among pregnant women in Ethiopia: new data from the Arba Minch Health and Demographic Surveillance System, 2010–2016

April 13, 2020 - 13:42 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Teklemariam Gultie, Gistane Ayele, Alazar Baharu, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:142, 8 April 2020

Bed net utilization is one of the important methods of malaria prevention. Malaria during pregnancy is one of the fatal diseases which mostly leads to the death of the mother and the fetus. Some of the complications of malaria during pregnancy are: intrauterine growth restrictions, intrauterine fetal death, and stillbirth. The main challenge of malaria treatment is that most of the anti-malarial drugs are not safe to use during pregnancy. The use of bed net is the most effective method of prevention of malaria during pregnancy. There is a paucity of information on bed net utilization among pregnant women in the study setting. Hence, this study aims to assess the trends of bed net utilization among pregnant women in Arba Minch Health and Demography Surveillance Site (HDSS), Southern Ethiopia.

Trend of malaria prevalence in Wolkite health center: an implication towards the elimination of malaria in Ethiopia by 2030

March 19, 2020 - 08:54 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Absra Solomon, Daniel Kahase and Mihret Alemayehu
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19: 112, 16 March 2020

Malaria is one of the main public health challenges in Ethiopia that hinder the productivity and development of the country. In 2018, Ethiopia is on track to minimize the incidence of malaria by 40% as per its 2020 malaria reduction strategy. Currently, Ethiopia is working to eliminate malaria in 2030 by extending the 2020 strategy. Hence, this study aimed to analyze the trend of malaria prevalence in Wolkite health center, Gurage zone, Southern Central Ethiopia from 2015 to 2018.

Impact of high malaria incidence in seasonal migrant and permanent adult male laborers in mechanized agricultural farms in Metema - Humera lowlands on malaria elimination program in Ethiopia

March 18, 2020 - 14:28 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Lemma W
Reference: 
BMC Public Health. 2020 Mar 12;20(1):320

Seasonal migrant and permanent laborers who are working in big mechanized agricultural farms in Metema – Humera lowlands are not included in Ethiopia Malaria Elimination Program. The aim of this research was to show the high confirmed and treated malaria cases in these laborers.

Comparison of infectivity of Plasmodium vivax to wild-caught and laboratory-adapted (colonized) Anopheles arabiensis mosquitoes in Ethiopia

March 10, 2020 - 16:28 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Chali W, Ashine T, Tadesse FG, et al.
Reference: 
Parasit Vectors. 2020 Mar 6;13(1):120

Mosquito-feeding assays that assess transmission of Plasmodium from man-to-mosquito typically use laboratory mosquito colonies. The microbiome and genetic background of local mosquitoes may be different and influence Plasmodium transmission efficiency. In order to interpret transmission studies to the local epidemiology, it is therefore crucial to understand the relationship between infectivity in laboratory-adapted and local mosquitoes.

Analysis of trends of malaria from 2010 to 2017 in Boricha District, Southern Ethiopia

February 25, 2020 - 16:01 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Desalegn Dabaro, Zewdie Birhanu and Delenasaw Yewhalaw
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:88, 24 February 2020

Ethiopia has made a significant progress of malaria control. Currently, the country has adopted and is implementing the World Health Organization very ambitious, but achievable, malaria elimination plan through extensive efforts. The regular evaluation of its performance is vital for plausible improvement. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the trends of malaria infection in Boricha district, Southern Ethiopia.

Methods

Anopheles larval species composition and characterization of breeding habitats in two localities in the Ghibe River Basin, southwestern Ethiopia

February 17, 2020 - 12:26 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Dejene Getachew, Meshesha Balkew and Habte Tekie
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:65, 11 February 2020

Documentation of the species composition of Anopheles mosquitoes and characterization of larval breeding sites is of major importance for the implementation of larval control as part of malaria vector control interventions in Ethiopia. The aims of this study were to determine the Anopheles larval species composition, larval density, available habitat types and the effects of related environmental and physico-chemical parameters of habitats in the Ghibe River basin of southwestern Ethiopia.

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