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Does subsidizing the private for-profit sector benefit the poor? Evidence from national antimalarial subsidies in Nigeria and Uganda

July 28, 2021 - 12:49 -- Open Access
Tougher S, Hanson K, Goodman CA
Health Econ. 2021 Jul 22

Subsidising quality-assured artemisinin combination therapies (QAACTs) for distribution in the for-profit sector is a controversial strategy for improving access. The Affordable Medicines Facility-malaria (AMFm) was the largest initiative of this kind. We assessed the equity of AMFm in two ways using nationally representative household survey data on care seeking for children from Nigeria and Uganda.

Geopolitical zones differentials in intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) and long lasting insecticidal nets (LLIN) utilization in Nigeria

July 20, 2021 - 13:16 -- Open Access
Chukwu C, Onuoha H, Okorafor KAK, Ojomo O, Mokuolu OA, Ekholuenetale M
PLoS One. 2021 Jul 16;16(7):e0254475

The coverage of long lasting insecticidal nets (LLIN) and intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) uptake for the prevention of malaria commonly vary by geography. Many sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries, including Nigeria are adopting the use of LLIN and IPTp to fight malaria. Albeit, the coverage of these interventions to prevent malaria across geographical divisions have been understudied in many countries. In this study, we aimed to explore the differentials in LLIN and IPTp uptake across Nigerian geopolitical zones.

Oxygen systems and quality of care for children with pneumonia, malaria and diarrhoea: Analysis of a stepped-wedge trial in Nigeria

July 14, 2021 - 10:12 -- Open Access
Graham HR, Maher J, Bakare AA, Nguyen CD, Ayede AI, Oyewole OB, Gray A, Izadnegahdar R, Duke T, Falade AG
PLoS One. 2021 Jul 8;16(7):e0254229

To evaluate the effect of improved hospital oxygen systems on quality of care (QOC) for children with severe pneumonia, severe malaria, and diarrhoea with severe dehydration.

Decomposition of socioeconomic inequalities in the uptake of intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy in Nigeria: evidence from Demographic Health Survey

July 7, 2021 - 14:43 -- Open Access
Chijioke Ifeanyi Okoli, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Mohammad Mafizur Rahman and Rasheda Khanam
Malaria Journal 2021 20:300, 3 July 2021

Although malaria in pregnancy is preventable with the use of intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP), it still causes maternal morbidity and mortality, in sub-Saharan Africa and Nigeria in particular. Socioeconomic inequality leads to limited uptake of IPTp-SP by pregnant women and is, therefore, a public health challenge in Nigeria. This study aimed to measure and identify factors explaining socioeconomic inequality in the uptake of IPTp-SP in Nigeria.

Antiplasmodial, antinociceptive and antipyretic potential of the stem bark extract of Burkea africana and identification of its antiplasmodial-active fraction

July 6, 2021 - 14:20 -- Open Access
Ezenyi IC, Okpoko CK, Ufondu CA, Okhale SE, Adzu B
J Tradit Complement Med. 2021 Jan 6;11(4):311-317

Burkea africana stem bark is used as a remedy for malaria in north-central and southern Nigeria. Based on its traditional use, this study was conducted to investigate the antiplasmodial, antinociceptive and antipyretic potential of an extract of B. africana stem bark.

Modeling the relationship between malaria prevalence and insecticide-treated bed nets coverage using Leroux prior Bayesian spatial generalized linear mixed models

June 9, 2021 - 07:16 -- Open Access
Okunlola OA, Oyeyemi OT, Lukman AF
Epidemiol Health. 2021 Jun 4:e2021041

To evaluate malaria transmission in relation to insecticide-treated nets (ITN) coverage in Nigeria.

Genetic diversity and population structure of Plasmodium falciparum in Nigeria: insights from microsatellite loci analysis

May 26, 2021 - 15:07 -- Open Access
Fehintola V. Ajogbasile, Adeyemi T. Kayode, Christian T. Happi, et al.
Malaria Journal 2021 20:236, 26 May 2021

Malaria remains a public health burden especially in Nigeria. To develop new malaria control and elimination strategies or refine existing ones, understanding parasite population diversity and transmission patterns is crucial.

Malaria intermittent preventive treatment in Nigeria: a qualitative study to explore barriers

May 19, 2021 - 13:34 -- Open Access
Muhammad FM, Nedjat S, Sajadi HS, Parsaeian M, Assan A, Majdzadeh R
BMC Infect Dis. 2021 May 13;21(1):438

While the use of sulphadoxine pyrimethamine (SP) is effective in preventing malaria infection during pregnancy, there are challenges limiting its uptake in Nigeria. This study aimed at exploring the barriers to IPTp usage among pregnant women in Kano state - Nigeria.

NOT Open Access | Antimalarial drug resistance markers in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive and HIV-negative adults with asymptomatic malaria infections in Port Harcourt, Nigeria

April 7, 2021 - 12:16 -- NOT Open Access
Chijioke-Nwauche I, Oguike MC, Nwauche CA, Beshir KB, Sutherland CJ
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2021 Apr 6:trab061

In Nigeria, indiscriminate use of antimalarial drugs may contribute to the threat of drug resistance, but this has not been evaluated among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

NOT Open Access | Bioactivity-directed evaluation of fruit of Kigelia africana (Lam.) benth. Used in treatment of malaria in Iwo, Nigeria

March 26, 2021 - 15:56 -- NOT Open Access
Imran IZ, Elusiyan CA, Agbedahunsi JM, Omisore NO
J Ethnopharmacol. 2021 Mar 25;268:113680

The ancient people of Iwo communities consisting of Ile-Ogbo, Olupona, Iwo and Ogbagba continue to engage in the traditional use of medicinal plants for the treatment and management of common diseases especially malaria.


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