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elimination

Unlicensed medical practitioners in tribal dominated rural areas of central India: bottleneck in malaria elimination

January 15, 2020 - 14:41 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Mrigendra Pal Singh, Sunil Kumar Chand, Kalyan Brata Saha, Neetiraj Singh, Ramesh C. Dhiman and Lora L. Sabin
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:18, 14 January 2020

In India, Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) deliver services for diagnosis and treatment of malaria, although unlicensed medical practitioners (UMPs) (informal health providers) are most preferred in communities. A cross sectional survey was conducted to: (i) assess knowledge and treatment-seeking practices in the community, and (ii) explore the diagnosis and treatment practices related to malaria of UMPs working in rural and tribal-dominated high malaria endemic areas of central India, and whether they adhere to the national guidelines.

Malaria hot spot along the foothills of Rakhine state, Myanmar: geospatial distribution of malaria cases in townships targeted for malaria elimination

January 14, 2020 - 16:54 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Khine SK, Kyaw NTT, Thekkur P, Lin Z, Thi A
Reference: 
Tropical Medicine and Health, 2019 Dec 18; 47:60

Myanmar has targeted elimination of malaria by 2030. In three targeted townships of Rakhine state of Myanmar, a project is being piloted to eliminate malaria by 2025. The comprehensive case investigation (CCI) and geotagging of cases by health workers is a core activity under the project. However, the CCI data is not analyzed for obtaining information on geospatial distribution of cases and timeliness of diagnosis. In this regard, we aimed to depict geospatial distribution and assess the proportion with delayed diagnosis among diagnosed malaria cases residing in three targeted townships during April 2018 to March 2019.

Malaria in North-East India: Importance and Implications in the Era of Elimination

December 23, 2019 - 14:40 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Sarma DK, Mohapatra PK, Bhattacharyya DR, Chellappan S, Karuppusamy B, Barman K, Senthil Kumar N, Dash AP, Prakash A, Balabaskaran Nina P
Reference: 
Microorganisms 2019, 7(12), 673

Worldwide and in India, malaria elimination efforts are being ramped up to eradicate the disease by 2030. Malaria elimination efforts in North-East (NE) India will have a great bearing on the overall efforts to eradicate malaria in the rest of India. The first cases of chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine resistance were reported in NE India, and the source of these drug resistant parasites are most likely from South East Asia (SEA).

A global analysis of National Malaria Control Programme vector surveillance by elimination and control status in 2018

December 10, 2019 - 08:26 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Burkot TR, Farlow R, Min M, Espino E, Mnzava A, Russell TL.
Reference: 
Malar J. 2019 Dec 4; 18(1):399

Maintaining the effectiveness of the currently recommended malaria vector control interventions while integrating new interventions will require monitoring key recommended indicators to identify threats to effectiveness including physiological and behavioural resistance to insecticides.

Biology and bionomics of malaria vectors in India: existing information and what more needs to be known for strategizing elimination of malaria

December 10, 2019 - 08:14 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Sarala K. Subbarao, Nutan Nanda, Manju Rahi and Kamaraju Raghavendra
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:396, 3 December 2019

India has committed to eliminate malaria by 2030. The national framework for malaria elimination released by the Government of India plans to achieve this goal through strategic planning in a phased manner. Since vector control is a major component of disease management and vector elimination, it requires a thorough understanding of the biology and bionomics of malaria vectors exhibiting definite distribution patterns in diverse ecosystems in the country.

Decadal epidemiology of malaria in KwaZulu-Natal, a province in South Africa targeting elimination

December 2, 2019 - 18:14 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Maharaj R, Seocharan I, Qwabe B, Mkhabela M, Kissoon S, Lakan V
Reference: 
Malar J. 2019 Nov 20;18(1):368

Although malaria remains a noteworthy disease in South Africa, the provinces are at differing stages of the malaria elimination continuum. KwaZulu-Natal has consistently reported the lowest number of cases over the past 5 years and it is expected that the goal of elimination will be achieved in this province over the next few years. The study reports on few key indicators that realistically represents the provinces progress over the past decade. Local and imported morbidity and mortality is seen as the key indicator as is malaria in children under the age of five and pregnant women. The only vector control intervention in the province is indoor residual spraying (IRS) and this gives an estimate of the population protected by this intervention.

Country: 

Not Open Access | Asymptomatic malaria in the clinical and public health context

December 2, 2019 - 17:45 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Cheaveau J, Mogollon DC, Mohon MAN, Golassa L, Yewhalaw D, Pillai DR
Reference: 
Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2019 Nov 21:1-14.

Historically, the global community has focused on the control of symptomatic malaria. However, interest in asymptomatic malaria has been growing, particularly in the context of malaria elimination.

Decadal epidemiology of malaria in KwaZulu-Natal, a province in South Africa targeting elimination

November 26, 2019 - 13:28 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Rajendra Maharaj, Ishen Seocharan, Bheki Qwabe, Moses Mkhabela, Sunitha Kissoon and Vishan Lakan
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18: 368, 20 November 2019

Although malaria remains a noteworthy disease in South Africa, the provinces are at differing stages of the malaria elimination continuum. KwaZulu-Natal has consistently reported the lowest number of cases over the past 5 years and it is expected that the goal of elimination will be achieved in this province over the next few years. The study reports on few key indicators that realistically represents the provinces progress over the past decade. Local and imported morbidity and mortality is seen as the key indicator as is malaria in children under the age of five and pregnant women. The only vector control intervention in the province is indoor residual spraying (IRS) and this gives an estimate of the population protected by this intervention.

Country: 

Ultrasensitive loop mediated isothermal amplification (US-LAMP) to detect malaria for elimination

October 22, 2019 - 16:48 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Abu Naser Mohon, Sisay Getie, Nusrat Jahan, Mohammad Shafiul Alam and Dylan R. Pillai
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:350, 16 October 2019

Malaria elimination requires diagnostic methods able to detect parasite levels well below what is currently possible with microscopy and rapid diagnostic tests. This is particularly true in surveillance of malaria at the population level that includes so-called “asymptomatic” individuals.

Medical Condition: 

Towards malaria elimination: innovative tools for malaria surveillance in Cambodia

January 24, 2014 - 16:56 -- MESA Alliance

The Malaria Consortium has published ‘Moving towards malaria elimination: developing innovative tools for malaria surveillance in Cambodia‘ as part of their ‘Learning Paper’ series. 

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