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Environmental drivers, climate change and emergent diseases transmitted by mosquitoes and their vectors in southern Europe: a systematic review

August 19, 2020 - 16:03 -- Open Access
Brugueras S, Martinez BF, Martinez de la Puente J, Figuerola J, Porro TM, Rius C, Larrauri A, Gomez-Barroso D
Environ Res. 2020 Aug 15:110038

Mosquito borne diseases are a group of infections that affect humans. Emerging or reemerging diseases are those that (re)occur in regions, groups or hosts that were previously free from these diseases: dengue virus; chikungunya virus; Zika virus; West Nile fever and malaria. In Europe, these infections are mostly imported; however, due to the presence of competent mosquitoes and the number of trips both to and from endemic areas, these pathogens are potentially emergent or re-emergent.

A scoping review of importation and predictive models related to vector-borne diseases, pathogens, reservoirs, or vectors (1999-2016)

January 20, 2020 - 16:26 -- Open Access
Sadeghieh T, Waddell LA, Ng V, Hall A, Sargeant J
PLoS ONE 15(1): e0227678

As globalization and climate change progress, the expansion and introduction of vector-borne diseases (VBD) from endemic regions to non-endemic regions is expected to occur. Mathematical and statistical models can be useful in predicting when and where these changes in distribution may happen. Our objective was to conduct a scoping review to identify and characterize predictive and importation models related to vector-borne diseases that exist in the global literature.

NOT Open Access | A sensory appendage protein protects malaria vectors from pyrethroids

January 15, 2020 - 09:05 -- NOT Open Access
Ingham VA, Anthousi A, Douris V, Harding NJ, Lycett G, Morris M, Vontas J, Ranson H
Nature volume 577, pages376–380(2020)

Pyrethroid-impregnated bed nets have driven considerable reductions in malaria-associated morbidity and mortality in Africa since the beginning of the century1. The intense selection pressure exerted by bed nets has precipitated widespread and escalating resistance to pyrethroids in African Anopheles populations, threatening to reverse the gains that been made by malaria control2. Here we show that expression of a sensory appendage protein (SAP2), which is enriched in the legs, confers pyrethroid resistance to Anopheles gambiae.

Paratransgenesis to control malaria vectors: a semi-field pilot study

March 12, 2016 - 14:57 -- Open Access
Mancini M, Spaccapelo R, Favia G, et al.
Parasites & Vectors 2016, 9 :140 (10 March 2016)

Here we show the first known trial in semi-field condition on paratransgenic anophelines. Modified bacteria were able to spread at high rate in different populations of An. stephensi and An. gambiae, dominant malaria vectors, exploring horizontal ways and successfully colonising mosquito midguts. 

Survival of the Immature Stages of the Malaria Vectors Anopheles pseudopunctipennis and Anopheles argyritarsis (Diptera: Culicidae) in Northwestern Argentina

March 20, 2014 - 16:29 -- Open Access
Guillermina B. Galante , Mirta Santana , Cecilia A. Veggiani Aybar and María J. Dantur Juri
Florida Entomologist 97(1):191-202. 2014

We collected 1,643 larvae of which 1,404 reached adulthood. Of these 1,119 were An. pseudopunctipennis, and 285 were An. argyritarsis. Both An. pseudopunctipennis and An. argyritarsis were abundant in autumn (55.3% and 66.7%, respectively).

Temporal and micro-spatial heterogeneity in the distribution of Anopheles vectors of malaria along the Kenyan coast

October 31, 2013 - 17:03 -- Open Access
Walker M, Winskill P, Basáñez M, Mwangangi JM, Mbogo C, Beier JC, Midega JT
Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6 :311 (28 October 2013)

Data on Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto and A. funestus collected from households in Kilifi district, Kenya, were analysed using polynomial distributed lag generalized linear mixed models (PDL GLMMs).

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