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vector-borne diseases

Use of Insecticides in Agriculture and the Prevention of Vector-Borne Diseases: Population Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices and Beliefs in Elibou, South Côte d'Ivoire

March 9, 2020 - 14:17 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
N'Dri BP, Heitz-Tokpa K, Chouaïbou M, Raso G, Koffi AJ, Coulibaly JT, Yapi RB, Müller P, Utzinger J
Reference: 
Trop Med Infect Dis. 2020 Mar 1; 5(1). pii: E36

People’s knowledge, attitudes, practices and beliefs (KAPB) pertaining to malaria are generally well described. However, little is known about population knowledge and awareness of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors. The aim of this study was to investigate KAPB related to insecticide resistance in malaria vectors due to the use of insecticides in agriculture and the prevention against mosquitoes. In mid-2017, we carried out a cross-sectional survey in Elibou, South Côte d’Ivoire, employing a mixed methods approach.

The importance of vector control for the control and elimination of vector-borne diseases

January 27, 2020 - 13:15 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Wilson AL, Courtenay O, Kelly-Hope LA, Scott TW, Takken W, Torr SJ, Lindsay SW
Reference: 
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 14(1): e0007831

Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) such as malaria, dengue, and leishmaniasis exert a huge burden of morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly affecting the poorest of the poor. The principal method by which these diseases are controlled is through vector control, which has a long and distinguished history. Vector control, to a greater extent than drugs or vaccines, has been responsible for shrinking the map of many VBDs. Here, we describe the history of vector control programmes worldwide from the late 1800s to date.

A scoping review of importation and predictive models related to vector-borne diseases, pathogens, reservoirs, or vectors (1999-2016)

January 20, 2020 - 16:26 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Sadeghieh T, Waddell LA, Ng V, Hall A, Sargeant J
Reference: 
PLoS ONE 15(1): e0227678

As globalization and climate change progress, the expansion and introduction of vector-borne diseases (VBD) from endemic regions to non-endemic regions is expected to occur. Mathematical and statistical models can be useful in predicting when and where these changes in distribution may happen. Our objective was to conduct a scoping review to identify and characterize predictive and importation models related to vector-borne diseases that exist in the global literature.

Exploration of genetic diversity of Plasmodium vivax circumsporozoite protein (Pvcsp) and Plasmodium vivax sexual stage antigen (Pvs25) among North Indian isolates

September 13, 2019 - 06:57 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Hargobinder Kaur, Rakesh Sehgal, Archit Kumar, Alka Sehgal, Praveen K. Bharti, Devendra Bansal, Pradyumna K. Mohapatra, Jagadish Mahanta and Ali A. Sultan
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:308, 6 September 2019

Malaria is one of the important vector-borne diseases with high fatality rates in tropical countries. The pattern of emergence and spread of novel antigenic variants, leading to escape of vaccine-induced immunity might be factors responsible for severe malaria. A high level of polymorphism has been reported among malarial antigens which are under selection pressure imposed by host immunity. There are limited reports available on comparative stage-specific genetic diversity among Plasmodium vivax candidate genes in complicated vivax malaria. The present study was planned to study genetic diversity (Pvcsp and Pvs25) among complicated and uncomplicated P. vivax isolates.

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Integrated vector management: a critical strategy for combating vector-borne diseases in South Sudan

October 31, 2013 - 07:13 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Chanda E, Govere JM, Macdonald MB, Lako RL, Haque U, Baba SP, Mnzava A
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2013, 12 :369 (25 October 2013)
MalariaWorld

The potential of integrating vector-borne disease control is enormous in South Sudan.

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