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Anopheles minimus

Population genetic structure of the malaria vector Anopheles minimus in Thailand based on mitochondrial DNA markers

September 30, 2021 - 11:06 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Bunmee K, Thaenkham U, Saralamba N, Ponlawat A, Zhong D, Cui L, Sattabongkot J, Sriwichai P
Reference: 
Parasit Vectors. 2021 Sep 26;14(1):496

The malaria vector Anopheles minimus has been influenced by external stresses affecting the survival rate and vectorial capacity of the population. Since An. minimus habitats have continuously undergone ecological changes, this study aimed to determine the population genetic structure and the potential gene flow among the An. minimus populations in Thailand.

Molecular identification of native Wolbachia pipientis in Anopheles minimus in a low-malaria transmission area of Umphang Valley along the Thailand-Myanmar border

November 18, 2020 - 12:09 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Tongkrajang N, Ruenchit P, Tananchai C, Chareonviriyaphap T, Kulkeaw K
Reference: 
Parasit Vectors. 2020 Nov 16;13(1):579.

Wolbachia, obligate intracellular bacteria, infect the majority of arthropods, including many mosquito species of medical importance. Some Wolbachia strains interfere with the development of Plasmodium parasites in female Anopheles, a major vector of malaria. The use of Wolbachia as a means to block malaria transmission is an emerging vector control strategy in highly endemic areas. Hence, identification of native Wolbachia strains in areas where malaria transmission is low may uncover a particular Wolbachia strain capable of Plasmodium interference. This study aims to identify native Wolbachia strains in female Anopheles spp. that are predominant in a low-malaria transmission area in mainland Southeast Asia.

The impact of transfluthrin on the spatial repellency of the primary malaria mosquito vectors in Vietnam: Anopheles dirus and Anopheles minimus

January 7, 2020 - 15:16 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Nicholas J. Martin, Vu S. Nam, Andrew A. Lover, Tran V. Phong, Tran C. Tu and Ian H. Mendenhall
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:9, 6 January 2020

The complexity of mosquito-borne diseases poses a major challenge to global health efforts to mitigate their impact on people residing in sub-tropical and tropical regions, to travellers and deployed military personnel. To supplement drug- and vaccine-based disease control programmes, other strategies are urgently needed, including the direct control of disease vectors. Modern vector control research generally focuses on identifying novel active ingredients and/or innovative methods to reduce human-mosquito interactions. These efforts include the evaluation of spatial repellents, which are compounds capable of altering mosquito feeding behaviour without direct contact with the chemical source.

The Anopheles community and the role of Anopheles minimus on malaria transmission on the China-Myanmar border

September 17, 2013 - 06:34 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Yu G, Yan G, Zhang N, Zhong D, Wang Y, He Z, Yan Z, Fu W, Yang F, Chen B
Reference: 
Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6:264 (13 September 2013)
MalariaWorld

Anopheles is abundant with An. minimus being the dominant species and having a high human blood index along the China-Myanmar border. The sporozoites in An. minimus were determined to be Plasmodium vivax with a 0.07-0.7% infection rate.

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