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Prevention

Prevention of re-establishment of malaria

June 5, 2021 - 06:26 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Allan Schapira and Anatoly Kondrashin
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:243, 31 May 2021

The current consensus on prevention of re-establishment of malaria is based on the following principles: (1) Fundamental role of general health services; (2) Surveillance; (3) Vector control; (4) Border actions; (5) Intersectoral collaboration.

Malaria prevention practices and associated factors among households of Hawassa City Administration, Southern Ethiopia, 2020

May 19, 2021 - 14:04 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Fikrie A, Kayamo M, Bekele H
Reference: 
PLoS One. 2021 May 13;16(5):e0250981

Despite it is easily preventable; malaria is still remains to be a major public health problem in globally as well as in Ethiopia. The disease can be easily prevented through individual and societal combined efforts by keeping the environment safe, effective utilization of long lasting Insecticide Nets and early treatment. However, the factors for poor knowledge and practices of malaria prevention is not well studied in Ethiopia; particularly, in the study area. Hence, this study aimed to provide concrete evidence towards malaria prevention practices and associated factors among Households of Hawassa City Administration, Southern Ethiopia, 2020.

The prevention and treatment of Plasmodium vivax malaria

April 28, 2021 - 14:31 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Chu CS, White NJ
Reference: 
PLoS Med. 2021 Apr 23;18(4):e1003561

Plasmodium vivax is more geographically dispersed than Plasmodium falciparum, with transmission occurring over a wider range of temperatures than for P. falciparum, and at latitudes as far as 64° North.

Household knowledge, perceptions and practices of mosquito larval source management for malaria prevention and control in Mwanza district, Malawi: a cross‐sectional study

March 18, 2021 - 09:23 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Mphatso Kamndaya, Dumisani Mfipa and Kingsley Lungu
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:150, 17 March 2021

Mosquito larval source management (LSM) is a key outdoor malaria vector control strategy in rural communities in sub-Saharan Africa. Knowledge of this strategy is important for optimal design and implementation of effective malaria control interventions in this region. This study assessed household knowledge, perceptions and practices of mosquito LSM methods (draining stagnant water, larviciding, clearing grass/bushes and clean environment).

A comparative analysis of the outcome of malaria case surveillance strategies in Sri Lanka in the prevention of re‐establishment phase

February 10, 2021 - 10:09 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
W. M. Kumudunayana T. de A. W. Gunasekera, Risintha Premaratne, Deepika Fernando, Muzrif Munaz, M. G. Y. Piyasena, Devika Perera, Rajitha Wickremasinghe, K. D. N. Prasad Ranaweera and Kamini Mendis
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:80, 9 February 2021

Sri Lanka sustained its malaria-free status by implementing, among other interventions, three core case detection strategies namely Passive Case Detection (PCD), Reactive Case Detection (RACD) and Proactive Case Detection (PACD). The outcomes of these strategies were analysed in terms of their effectiveness in detecting malaria infections for the period from 2017 to 2019.

Textile testing to assess the resistance to damage of long-lasting insecticidal nets for malaria control and prevention

January 20, 2021 - 08:35 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Amy Wheldrake, Estelle Guillemois, Hamidreza Arouni, Vera Chetty and Stephen J. Russell
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:47, 19 January 2021

LLINs are susceptible to forming holes within a short time in use, compromising their ability to provide long-term physical protection against insect-borne vectors of disease. Mechanical damage is known to be responsible for the majority of holes, with most being the result of snagging, tearing, hole enlargement, abrasion and seam failure, which can readily occur during normal household use. To enable an assessment of the ability of LLINs to resist such damage prior to distribution, a new suite of testing methods was developed to reflect the main damage mechanisms encountered during normal use of LLINs.

Prevention of re-establishment of malaria: historical perspective and future prospects

December 8, 2020 - 10:50 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
S. M. Ibraheem Nasir, Sachini Amarasekara, Renu Wickremasinghe, Deepika Fernando and Preethi Udagama
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:452, 7 December 2020

Prevention of re-establishment (POR) refers to the prevention of malaria outbreak/epidemic occurrence or preventing re-establishment of indigenous malaria in a malaria-free country. Understanding the effectiveness of the various strategies used for POR is, therefore, of vital importance to countries certified as “malaria-free” or to the countries to be thus certified in the near future.

A small window into the status of malaria in North Korea: estimation of imported malaria incidence of the visitors

November 25, 2020 - 12:13 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Sung J, Cheong HK, Lim AY, Kim JH
Reference: 
Epidemiol Health. 2020 Nov 21:e2020068

This study aimed to hypothesize on the trend in malaria incidence in North Korea using malaria incidence among South Korean visitors to North Korea.

Malaria in children and women of childbearing age: infection prevalence, knowledge and use of malaria prevention tools in the province of Nyanga, Gabon

November 4, 2020 - 10:00 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Roméo Karl Imboumy-Limoukou, Sydney Maghendji-Nzondo, Jean-Bernard Lekana-Douki, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:387, 2 November 2020

There is little information on the social perception of malaria and the use of preventative measures in Gabon, especially in rural areas. Adequate knowledge of malaria prevention and control can help in reducing the burden of malaria among vulnerable groups, particularly pregnant women and children under 5 years old living in malaria-endemic settings. This study was designed to assess the prevalence of malaria and the knowledge and attitude towards this disease in households in Nyanga Province.

Parents' perception on cause of malaria and their malaria prevention experience among school-aged children in Kutcha district, Southern Ethiopia; qualitative study

October 14, 2020 - 12:37 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Zerdo Z, Van Geertruyden JP, Massebo F, Biresaw G, Shewangizawu M, Tunje A, Chisha Y, Yohanes T, Bastiaens H, Anthierens S
Reference: 
PLoS One. 2020 Oct 13;15(10):e0239728

School-aged children become a highly vulnerable group for malaria, yet they are less likely to use malaria prevention interventions. Previous studies exploring perception on cause of malaria mainly focused on pregnant mothers or parents of children under age five years. Exploring parent’s perception on cause of malaria and their experiences on the prevention of malaria and associated challenges among school-aged children is important to develop a malaria prevention education package for school-aged children to reduce malaria and malaria related morbidities among school-aged children.

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