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Anopheles darlingi

New Distribution Records of Anopheles darlingi in Quintana Roo, Southeastern Mexico

September 8, 2021 - 17:23 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Gómez-Rivera ÁS, Chan-Chablé RJ, Canto-Mis KL, Mis-Ávila PC, Correa-Morales F, Manrique-Saide P
Reference: 
J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2021 Sep 1;37(3):175-178


Anopheles darlingi is considered the main vector of malaria in the Neotropical region, so knowledge of its distribution in the Americas is highly relevant for the design of strategies for prevention and control of the illness.

NOT Open Access | What is in a name? Anopheles darlingi versus Nyssorhynchus darlingi

July 6, 2021 - 13:21 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Marinotti O
Reference: 
Trends Parasitol. 2021 Jul 1:S1471-4922(21)00142-2

Taxonomic reassignments were suggested for Neotropical anopheline malaria vectors, elevating four monophyletic groups Kerteszia, Lophopodomyia, Nyssorhynchus, and Stethomyia to the genus level, upending their conventional status as subgenera of the genus Anopheles.

Flight tone characterisation of the South American malaria vector Anopheles darlingi (Diptera: Culicidae)

March 18, 2021 - 16:05 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Montoya JP, Pantoja-Sánchez H, Gomez S, Avila FW, Alfonso-Parra C
Reference: 
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2021 Mar 13;116:e200497

Flight tones play important roles in mosquito reproduction. Several mosquito species utilise flight tones for mate localisation and attraction. Typically, the female wingbeat frequency (WBF) is lower than males, and stereotypic acoustic behaviors are instrumental for successful copulation. Mosquito WBFs are usually an important species characteristic, with female flight tones used as male attractants in surveillance traps for species identification. Anopheles darlingi is an important Latin American malaria vector, but we know little about its mating behaviors.

NOT Open Access | Diversity of Culturable Bacteria Isolated From the Feces of Wild Anopheles darlingi (Diptera: Culicidae) Mosquitoes From the Brazilian Amazon

March 17, 2021 - 09:24 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Arruda A, Ferreira GEM, Santos Júnior A, Matos NB, Carvalho TS, Ozaki LS, Stabeli RG, Silva AAE
Reference: 
J Med Entomol. 2021 Mar 11:tjab028

Microorganisms living in the midgut of Anopheles mosquitoes have been studied to fight vector-borne diseases, such as malaria. Studies on the microbiota of the Neotropical Anopheles darlingi, the most important Brazilian vector for malaria, have been reported for the same purpose. Our aims were to isolate and identify culturable bacteria from An. darlingi mosquito guts through their feces and to estimate the species richness and the frequency distribution of the sampled bacteria.

Culturable bacteria associated with Anopheles darlingi and their paratransgenesis potential

January 13, 2021 - 10:25 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Elerson Matos Rocha, Osvaldo Marinotti, Wanderli Pedro Tadei, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:40, 13 January 2021

Malaria remains a major public health problem in South America, mostly in the Amazon region. Among newly proposed ways of controlling malaria transmission to humans, paratransgenesis is a promising alternative. Paratransgenesis aims to inhibit the development of parasites within the vector through the action of genetically modified bacteria. The first step towards successful paratransgenesis in the Amazon is the identification of Anopheles darlingi symbiotic bacteria, which are transmitted vertically among mosquitoes, and are not pathogenic to humans.

Vector-Focused Approaches to Curb Malaria Transmission in the Brazilian Amazon: An Overview of Current and Future Challenges and Strategies

October 31, 2020 - 09:35 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Rocha EM, Katak RM, Campos de Oliveira J, Araujo MDS, Carlos BC, Galizi R, Tripet F, Marinotti O, Souza-Neto JA
Reference: 
Trop Med Infect Dis. 2020 Oct 20;5(4):E161

In Brazil, malaria transmission is mostly confined to the Amazon, where substantial progress has been made towards disease control in the past decade. Vector control has been historically considered a fundamental part of the main malaria control programs implemented in Brazil. However, the conventional vector-control tools have been insufficient to control or eliminate local vector populations due to the complexity of the Amazonian rainforest environment and ecological features of malaria vector species in the Amazon, especially Anopheles darlingi.

NOT Open Access | Dietary Supplementation With Vitamins and Minerals Improves Larvae and Adult Rearing Conditions of Anopheles darlingi (Diptera: Culicidae)

September 1, 2020 - 13:41 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Nascimento DAS, Trindade FTT, Silva AAE
Reference: 
J Med Entomol. 2020 Aug 31:tjaa173

Several experiments with Anopheles darlingi Root, an important malaria vector in the Amazon region, were carried out in the laboratory, depending on the large-scale production of viable larvae and adults. Certainly, improvements in rearing conditions, including dietary requirements, can strongly affect mosquito production.

Not Open Access | Toward a blood-free diet for Anopheles darlingi (Diptera: Culicidae)

December 10, 2019 - 20:36 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Glaucilene da Silva Costa, Moreno Magalhães Souza Rodrigues, Alexandre de Almeida e Silva
Reference: 
J Med Entomol. 2019 Dec 2

Due to ethical issues associated with the use of blood for mosquito laboratory experiments, an artificial diet that supports the production of eggs and larvae is highly desirable. 

Development of molecular assays to detect target-site mechanisms associated with insecticide resistance in malaria vectors from Latin America

June 24, 2019 - 15:51 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Juan C. Lol, David Castañeda, Lucy Mackenzie-Impoinvil, Carla G. Romero, Audrey Lenhart and Norma R. Padilla
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:202, 20 June 2019

Malaria remains an important public health problem in Latin America, and the development of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors poses a major threat to malaria elimination efforts. Monitoring of insecticide susceptibility and the determination of the mechanisms involved in insecticide resistance are needed to effectively guide the deployment of appropriate vector control measures. Here, molecular assays have been developed to screen for mutations associated with insecticide resistance on the voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC) and acetylcholinesterase-1 (Ace-1) genes in four malaria vectors from Latin America.

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Larval habitat characterization of Anopheles darlingi from its northernmost geographical distribution in Chiapas, Mexico

December 29, 2015 - 16:19 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Cuauhtémoc Villarreal-Treviño, R. Penilla-Navarro, M. Vázquez-Martínez, David Moo-Llanes, Jana Ríos-Delgado, Ildefonso Fernández-Salas, Américo Rodríguez
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:517 (22 December 2015)

The mosquito An. darlingi larval habitats were found in different hydrological types.

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