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vector control

Taking the ‘I’ out of LLINs: using insecticides in vector control tools other than long-lasting nets to fight malaria

February 22, 2020 - 16:25 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Krijn P. Paaijmans and Silvie Huijben
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:73, 14 February 2020

Long-lasting insecticidal nets, or LLINs, have significantly reduced malaria morbidity and mortality over the past two decades. The net provides a physical barrier that decreases human-mosquito contact and the impregnated insecticide kills susceptible mosquito vectors upon contact and may repel them. However, the future of LLINs is threatened as resistance to pyrethroids is now widespread, the chemical arsenal for LLINs is very limited, time from discovery of next-generation insecticides to market is long, and persistent transmission is frequently caused by vector populations avoiding contact with LLINs.

The importance of vector control for the control and elimination of vector-borne diseases

January 27, 2020 - 13:15 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Wilson AL, Courtenay O, Kelly-Hope LA, Scott TW, Takken W, Torr SJ, Lindsay SW
Reference: 
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 14(1): e0007831

Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) such as malaria, dengue, and leishmaniasis exert a huge burden of morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly affecting the poorest of the poor. The principal method by which these diseases are controlled is through vector control, which has a long and distinguished history. Vector control, to a greater extent than drugs or vaccines, has been responsible for shrinking the map of many VBDs. Here, we describe the history of vector control programmes worldwide from the late 1800s to date.

Can Plasmodium's tricks for enhancing its transmission be turned against the parasite? New hopes for vector control

January 14, 2020 - 12:10 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Emami SN, Hajkazemian M, Mozūraitis R
Reference: 
Pathogens and Global Health, 2020 Jan 7:1-11

Approximately 120 years ago the link between mosquito and the malaria transmission was discovered. However, even today it remains an open question whether the parasite is able to direct the blood-seeking and feeding behavior of its mosquito vector to maximize the probability of transmission. If the parasite has this ability, could it occur only through the alteration of the vertebrate host’s volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and/or the parasite alteration of the behavior of the infected vector in a manner that favors its transmission?

Not Open Access | Field Efficacy of VectoMax FG and VectoLex CG Biological Larvicides for Malaria Vector Control in Northwestern Brazil

November 30, 2019 - 15:16 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Fontoura PS, da Costa AS, Ribeiro FS, Ferreira MS, Castro MC, Ferreira MU
Reference: 
J Med Entomol. 2019 Nov 21. pii: tjz220

Despite historical and contemporary evidence of its effectiveness, larval source management with insecticides remains little used by most malaria control programs worldwide. Here we show that environmentally safe biological larvicides under field conditions can significantly reduce anopheline larval density in fish farming ponds that have became major larval habitats across the Amazon Basin.

Country: 

Review: Towards malaria elimination and its implication for vector control, disease management and livelihoods in Tanzania

January 19, 2014 - 17:16 -- Ingeborg van Schayk
Author(s): 
Leonard E.G. Mboera, Humphrey D. Mazigo, Susan F. Rumisha, Randall A. Kramer
Reference: 
MWJ 2013, 4, 19

Abstract

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