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vector control

Resistance status of Anopheles gambiae (s.l.) to four commonly used insecticides for malaria vector control in South-East Nigeria

March 30, 2020 - 10:02 -- Open Access
Chukwuekezie O, Nwosu E, Gnanguenon V, et al.
Parasit Vectors. 2020 Mar 24;13(1):152.

Progress made in the control of malaria vectors globally is largely due to the use of insecticides. However, success in the fight against malaria has slowed down or even stalled due to a host of factors including insecticide resistance. The greatest burden of the disease is felt in Africa, particularly Nigeria. Unfortunately, adequate information on insecticide resistance is lacking in many parts of the country, particularly the South-East Zone. Hence, this study aims to bridge the information gap in the Zone.

Taking the ‘I’ out of LLINs: using insecticides in vector control tools other than long-lasting nets to fight malaria

February 22, 2020 - 16:25 -- Open Access
Krijn P. Paaijmans and Silvie Huijben
Malaria Journal 2020 19:73, 14 February 2020

Long-lasting insecticidal nets, or LLINs, have significantly reduced malaria morbidity and mortality over the past two decades. The net provides a physical barrier that decreases human-mosquito contact and the impregnated insecticide kills susceptible mosquito vectors upon contact and may repel them. However, the future of LLINs is threatened as resistance to pyrethroids is now widespread, the chemical arsenal for LLINs is very limited, time from discovery of next-generation insecticides to market is long, and persistent transmission is frequently caused by vector populations avoiding contact with LLINs.

The importance of vector control for the control and elimination of vector-borne diseases

January 27, 2020 - 13:15 -- Open Access
Wilson AL, Courtenay O, Kelly-Hope LA, Scott TW, Takken W, Torr SJ, Lindsay SW
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 14(1): e0007831

Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) such as malaria, dengue, and leishmaniasis exert a huge burden of morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly affecting the poorest of the poor. The principal method by which these diseases are controlled is through vector control, which has a long and distinguished history. Vector control, to a greater extent than drugs or vaccines, has been responsible for shrinking the map of many VBDs. Here, we describe the history of vector control programmes worldwide from the late 1800s to date.

Can Plasmodium's tricks for enhancing its transmission be turned against the parasite? New hopes for vector control

January 14, 2020 - 12:10 -- Open Access
Emami SN, Hajkazemian M, Mozūraitis R
Pathogens and Global Health, 2020 Jan 7:1-11

Approximately 120 years ago the link between mosquito and the malaria transmission was discovered. However, even today it remains an open question whether the parasite is able to direct the blood-seeking and feeding behavior of its mosquito vector to maximize the probability of transmission. If the parasite has this ability, could it occur only through the alteration of the vertebrate host’s volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and/or the parasite alteration of the behavior of the infected vector in a manner that favors its transmission?

Not Open Access | Field Efficacy of VectoMax FG and VectoLex CG Biological Larvicides for Malaria Vector Control in Northwestern Brazil

November 30, 2019 - 15:16 -- NOT Open Access
Fontoura PS, da Costa AS, Ribeiro FS, Ferreira MS, Castro MC, Ferreira MU
J Med Entomol. 2019 Nov 21. pii: tjz220

Despite historical and contemporary evidence of its effectiveness, larval source management with insecticides remains little used by most malaria control programs worldwide. Here we show that environmentally safe biological larvicides under field conditions can significantly reduce anopheline larval density in fish farming ponds that have became major larval habitats across the Amazon Basin.


Review: Towards malaria elimination and its implication for vector control, disease management and livelihoods in Tanzania

January 19, 2014 - 17:16 -- Ingeborg van Schayk
Leonard E.G. Mboera, Humphrey D. Mazigo, Susan F. Rumisha, Randall A. Kramer
MWJ 2013, 4, 19


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