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climate change

Exploring public awareness of the current and future malaria risk zones in South Africa under climate change: a pilot study

November 12, 2020 - 15:41 -- Open Access
Fitchett JM, Swatton DA
Int J Biometeorol. 2020 Nov 11

Although only a small proportion of the landmass of South Africa is classified as high risk for malaria, the country experiences on-going challenges relating to malaria outbreaks. Climate change poses a growing threat to this already dire situation. While considerable effort has been placed in public health campaigns in the highest-risk regions, and national malaria maps are updated to account for changing climate, malaria cases have increased.

Environmental drivers, climate change and emergent diseases transmitted by mosquitoes and their vectors in southern Europe: a systematic review

August 19, 2020 - 16:03 -- Open Access
Brugueras S, Martinez BF, Martinez de la Puente J, Figuerola J, Porro TM, Rius C, Larrauri A, Gomez-Barroso D
Environ Res. 2020 Aug 15:110038

Mosquito borne diseases are a group of infections that affect humans. Emerging or reemerging diseases are those that (re)occur in regions, groups or hosts that were previously free from these diseases: dengue virus; chikungunya virus; Zika virus; West Nile fever and malaria. In Europe, these infections are mostly imported; however, due to the presence of competent mosquitoes and the number of trips both to and from endemic areas, these pathogens are potentially emergent or re-emergent.

NOT Open Access | The changing risk patterns of Plasmodium vivax malaria in Greece due to climate change

July 21, 2020 - 12:05 -- NOT Open Access
Trájer AJ
Int J Environ Health Res. 2020 Jul 20:1-26

It has great importance to study the potential effects of climate change on Plasmodium vivax malaria in Greece because the country can be the origin of the spread of vivax malaria to the northern areas. The potential lengths of the transmission seasons of Plasmodium vivax malaria were forecasted for 2041–2060 and 2061–2080 and were combined.

Shifting transmission risk for malaria in Africa with climate change: a framework for planning and intervention

May 4, 2020 - 15:27 -- Open Access
Sadie J. Ryan, Catherine A. Lippi and Fernanda Zermoglio
Malaria Journal 2020 19:170, 1 May 2020

Malaria continues to be a disease of massive burden in Africa, and the public health resources targeted at surveillance, prevention, control, and intervention comprise large outlays of expense. Malaria transmission is largely constrained by the suitability of the climate for Anopheles mosquitoes and Plasmodium parasite development. Thus, as climate changes, shifts in geographic locations suitable for transmission, and differing lengths of seasons of suitability will occur, which will require changes in the types and amounts of resources.

NOT Open Access | Climate Change and the Risk of Malaria Transmission in Iran

January 14, 2020 - 09:28 -- NOT Open Access
Hanafi-Bojd AA, Vatandoost H, Yaghoobi-Ershadi MR
Journal of Medical Entomology, Volume 57, Issue 1, January 2020, Pages 50–64

Climate change is an important factor affecting the dynamics of the vectors population and, hence, the risk of vector-borne diseases. This study aimed to predict the environmental suitability for malaria vectors in Iran under climate change scenarios in 2030s and 2050s. Literature search was performed to find documents on the spatial distribution of Anopheles stephensi Liston, 1901, Anopheles culicifacies s.l. Giles, 1901, Anopheles fluviatilis s.l. James, 1902, Anopheles superpictus s.l. Grassi, 1899, Anopheles dthali Patton, 1905, Anopheles maculipennis s.l. Meigen, 1818, and Anopheles sacharovi Favre, 1903 (Diptera: Culicidae) published between 1970 and 2017.

The 2019 report of The Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: ensuring that the health of a child born today is not defined by a changing climate

November 19, 2019 - 06:33 -- Open Access
Watts N, Amann M, Montgomery H, et al.
The Lancet, Volume 394, Issue 10211, P1836-1878, November 16, 2019

The Lancet Countdown is an international, multidisciplinary collaboration, dedicated to monitoring the evolving health profile of climate change, and providing an independent assessment of the delivery of commitments made by governments worldwide under the Paris Agreement.

Climate & malaria

March 22, 2010 - 13:51 -- Sander Koenraadt

These days, not only scientists are debating about the existence and potential impact of climate change. Since the mishaps in the fourth assessment report of the IPCC were revealed and received enormous media exposure, even my parents in law (non-scientists) have been asking me about it. Now I wonder when my 3-year old daughter will start casting doubts…

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