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bed net

NOT Open Access | Antibody acts like short-term malaria vaccine

August 25, 2021 - 15:50 -- NOT Open Access
Cohen J
Science. 2021 Aug 20;373(6557):843

A powerful new weapon could one day join the global fight against malaria, especially to help people who need temporary protection from the deadly disease. Drugs and bed nets can to some extent already protect against the disease, which still sickens at least 200 million people a year and kills an estimated 400,000. Vaccines have also shown some promise.

The impact of stopping and starting indoor residual spraying on malaria burden in Uganda

May 13, 2021 - 12:43 -- Open Access
Namuganga JF, Epstein A, Rodriguez-Barraquer I, et al.
Nat Commun. 2021 May 11;12(1):2635

The scale-up of malaria control efforts has led to marked reductions in malaria burden over the past twenty years, but progress has slowed. Implementation of indoor residual spraying (IRS) of insecticide, a proven vector control intervention, has been limited and difficult to sustain partly because questions remain on its added impact over widely accepted interventions such as bed nets.

A minimal 3D model of mosquito flight behaviour around the human baited bed net

January 13, 2021 - 08:23 -- Open Access
Jeff Jones, Gregory P D Murray and Philip J McCall
Malaria Journal 2021 20:24, 7 January 2021

Advances in digitized video-tracking and behavioural analysis have enabled accurate recording and quantification of mosquito flight and host-seeking behaviours, facilitating development of individual (agent) based models at much finer spatial scales than previously possible.

Effect of bed net colour and shape preferences on bed net usage: a secondary data analysis of the 2017 Malawi Malaria Indicator Survey

November 24, 2020 - 15:03 -- Open Access
Donnie Mategula, Latif Ndeketa, Judy Gichuki, Boston Zimba, Wilson Ching’ani and Michael Give Chipeta
Malaria Journal 2020 19:428, 23 November 2020

Malaria remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the paediatric population in Malawi. Insecticide-treated bed nets are a key vector malaria control intervention, however, advancement towards universal access is progressing slowly. Malawi Malaria indicator surveys (MMIS) show diverse user preferences of bed net shape and colour. The objective of this work was to understand if bed net shape and colour preferences affect usage.

Measuring ventilation in different typologies of rural Gambian houses: a pilot experimental study

August 4, 2020 - 15:48 -- Open Access
Jakob B. Knudsen, Margaret Pinder, Ebrima Jatta, Musa Jawara, Mahamed A. Yousuf, Amalie T. Søndergaard and Steve W. Lindsay
Malaria Journal 2020 19:273, 31 July 2020

African houses are frequently too hot and uncomfortable to use a bed net at night. Indoor thermal comfort is often evaluated by measuring temperature and humidity, ignoring ventilation. This study explored ways to measure ventilation in single-roomed rural Gambian houses during the malaria transmission season and evaluated building designs that could increase airflow at night and help keep the occupants comfortable.

Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum and Non-falciparum Infections by Photo-Induced Electron Transfer-PCR in a Longitudinal Cohort of Individuals Enrolled in a Mass Drug Administration Trial in Southern Province, Zambia

July 7, 2020 - 12:46 -- Open Access
Chishimba S, Mwenda M, Mambwe B, Mulube C, Chalwe V, Moonga H, Hamainza B, Chizema-Kawesha E, Steketee RW, Domingo G, Fraser M, Kahn M, Pal S, Silumbe K, Conner RO, Bennett A, Porter TR, Eisele TP, Miller JM, Bridges DJ
Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 00(0), 2020, pp. 1–8

Malaria burden in Zambia has significantly declined over the last decade because of improved coverage of several key malaria interventions (e.g., vector control, case management, bed net distributions, and enhanced surveillance/responses). Campaign-based mass drug administration (MDA) and focal MDA (fMDA) were assessed in a trial in Southern Province, Zambia, to identify its utility in elimination efforts.

Trend of declining bed net utilization among pregnant women in Ethiopia: new data from the Arba Minch Health and Demographic Surveillance System, 2010–2016

April 13, 2020 - 13:42 -- Open Access
Teklemariam Gultie, Gistane Ayele, Alazar Baharu, et al.
Malaria Journal 2020 19:142, 8 April 2020

Bed net utilization is one of the important methods of malaria prevention. Malaria during pregnancy is one of the fatal diseases which mostly leads to the death of the mother and the fetus. Some of the complications of malaria during pregnancy are: intrauterine growth restrictions, intrauterine fetal death, and stillbirth. The main challenge of malaria treatment is that most of the anti-malarial drugs are not safe to use during pregnancy. The use of bed net is the most effective method of prevention of malaria during pregnancy. There is a paucity of information on bed net utilization among pregnant women in the study setting. Hence, this study aims to assess the trends of bed net utilization among pregnant women in Arba Minch Health and Demography Surveillance Site (HDSS), Southern Ethiopia.

Not Open Access | The impact of bed-net use on malaria prevalence

February 6, 2013 - 14:30 -- NOT Open Access
Folashade B. Agusto, Sara Y. Del Valle, Kbenesh W. Blayneh, Calistus N. Ngonghala, Maria J. Goncalves, Nianpeng Li, Ruijun Zhao, Hongfei Gong
Journal of Theoretical Biology, Volume 320, 7 March 2013, Pages 58–65

Our analysis demonstrate that bed-net usage has a positive impact in reducing the reproduction number R. The results show that if 75% of the population were to use bed-nets, malaria could be eliminated.

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