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Ghana

Evaluation of pilot implementation of seasonal malaria chemoprevention on morbidity in young children in Northern Sahelian Ghana

November 23, 2021 - 09:28 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Patrick O. Ansah, Nana A. Ansah, Abraham R. Oduro, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:440, 18 November 2021

In Sahelian Africa, the risk of malaria increases with the arrival of the rains, particularly in young children. Following successful trials, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended the use of seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) in areas with seasonal peak in malaria cases. This study evaluated the pilot implementation of SMC in Northern Ghana.

Determinants of uptake of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria with sulfadoxine pyrimethamine in pregnancy: a cross-sectional analytical study in the Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis of Ghana

October 20, 2021 - 19:55 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Anto F, Ayepah C, Awini E, Bimi L
Reference: 
Arch Public Health. 2021 Oct 14;79(1):177

Ghana malaria control programme recommends the uptake of five doses of sulfadoxine pyrimethamine (SP) during pregnancy following the review of the World Health Organization recommendations in 2012. The uptake of higher doses of SP since the implementation of the new policy in 2016, has been low across the country. The current study determined factors that can be improved to increase uptake of SP for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp-SP).

Not Open Access | Ownership and Use of Insecticide-Treated Nets under Ghana's National Malaria Control Program: What are the correlates

October 16, 2021 - 20:17 -- NOT Open Access
Tags: 
Author(s): 
Bawuah A, Ampaw S
Reference: 
Bawuah A, Ampaw S Trop Med Int Health. 2021 Oct 12

Ghana’s National Malaria Control Program distributes free insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) as a malaria control measure. Some households with the ITN do not use it, however. This paper explores the socioeconomic and demographic determinants of ITN ownership and use among Ghanaian families.

Assessing health system factors affecting access and delivery of IPTp-SP and ITN to pregnant women attending ANC clinics in Ghana

October 16, 2021 - 20:02 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
De-Gaulle VF, Magnussen P, Kamgno J, Mbacham W, Orish VN, Tagbor H
Reference: 
BMC Health Serv Res. 2021 Oct 6;21(1):1056

Malaria interventions including use of Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine as Intermittent Preventive Treatment (IPTp-SP) and distribution of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs) have been implemented through ante-natal clinic (ANC) services in Ghana. Yet, the high ANC attendance is not commensurate with the uptake of these interventions, with missed opportunities to deliver the interventions. This study sought to assess the health system factors affecting access and delivery of IPTp-SP and ITN as defined by the Ghana Malaria Policy Guideline to eligible pregnant women attending ANC clinic sessions.

An ethnographic study of how health system, socio-cultural and individual factors influence uptake of intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in a Ghanaian context

October 12, 2021 - 10:22 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Aberese-Ako M, Magnussen P, Ampofo GD, Gyapong M, Ansah E, Tagbor H
Reference: 
PLoS One. 2021 Oct 7;16(10):e0257666

Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria among pregnant women with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP), is one of the three recommended interventions for the prevention of malaria in pregnancy (MiP) in sub-Sahara Africa. The World Health Organisation recommended in 2012 that SP be given at each scheduled ANC visit except during the first trimester and can be given a dose every month until the time of delivery, to ensure that a high proportion of women receive at least three doses of SP during pregnancy. Despite implementation of this policy, Ghana did not attain the target of 100% access to IPTp-SP by 2015. Additionally, negative outcomes of malaria infection in pregnancy are still recurring. This ethnographic study explored how health system, individual and socio-cultural factors influence IPTp-SP uptake in two Ghanaian regions.

Prevalence and risk factors associated with asymptomatic malaria among school children: repeated cross-sectional surveys of school children in two ecological zones in Ghana

September 23, 2021 - 10:39 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Mensah BA, Myers-Hansen JL, Obeng Amoako E, Opoku M, Abuaku BK, Ghansah A
Reference: 
BMC Public Health. 2021 Sep 17;21(1):1697

Asymptomatic Plasmodium infections significantly drive malaria transmission and impact control and elimination strategies, but are largely uncharacterized. We investigated the prevalence and risk factors of asymptomatic malaria infections to inform malaria control strategies in Ghana.

Microsporidia MB is found predominantly associated with Anopheles gambiae s.s and Anopheles coluzzii in Ghana

September 23, 2021 - 08:25 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Akorli J, Akorli EA, Tetteh SNA, Amlalo GK, Opoku M, Pwalia R, Adimazoya M, Atibilla D, Pi-Bansa S, Chabi J, Dadzie SK
Reference: 
Sci Rep. 2021 Sep 20;11(1):18658

A vertically transmitted microsporidian, Microsporidia MB, with the ability to disrupt Plasmodium development was reported in Anopheles arabiensis from Kenya, East Africa. To demonstrate its range of incidence, archived DNA samples from 7575 Anopheles mosquitoes collected from Ghana were screened. MB prevalence was observed at 1.8%. An. gambiae s.s constituted 87% of positive mosquitoes while the remaining were from An. coluzzii.

Health-seeking behaviour and cost of fever treatment to households in a malaria-endemic setting of northern Ghana: a cross-sectional study

September 18, 2021 - 04:17 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Dalaba MA, Welaga P, Akweongo P, et al.
Reference: 
BMJ Open. 2021 Sep 13;11(9):e05222

To examine the health-seeking behaviour and cost of fever treatment to households in Ghana.

Comparison of the impact of allelic polymorphisms in PfAMA1 on the induction of T Cell responses in high and low malaria endemic communities in Ghana

September 18, 2021 - 04:10 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Ebenezer A. Ofori, John K. A. Tetteh, Augustina Frimpong, Harini Ganeshan, Maria Belmonte, Bjoern Peters, Eileen Villasante, Martha Sedegah, Michael F. Ofori and Kwadwo A. Kusi
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:367, 10 September 2021

Malaria eradication requires a combined effort involving all available control tools, and these efforts would be complemented by an effective vaccine. The antigen targets of immune responses may show polymorphisms that can undermine their recognition by immune effectors and hence render vaccines based on antigens from a single parasite variant ineffective against other variants. This study compared the influence of allelic polymorphisms in Plasmodium falciparum apical membrane antigen 1 (PfAMA1) peptide sequences from three strains of P. falciparum (3D7, 7G8 and FVO) on their function as immunodominant targets of T cell responses in high and low malaria transmission communities in Ghana.

Partial indoor residual spraying with pirimiphos-methyl as an effective and cost-saving measure for the control of Anopheles gambiae s.l. in northern Ghana

September 15, 2021 - 11:52 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Coleman S, Yihdego Y, Seyoum A, et al.
Reference: 
Sci Rep. 2021 Sep 10;11(1):18055

The scale up of indoor residual spraying (IRS) and insecticide treated nets have contributed significantly to global reductions in malaria prevalence over the last two decades. However, widespread pyrethroid resistance has necessitated the use of new and more expensive insecticides for IRS. Partial IRS with pirimiphos-methyl in experimental huts and houses in a village-wide trial was evaluated against Anopheles gambiae s.l. in northern Ghana.

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