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long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs)

Reshaping the vector control strategy for malaria elimination in Ethiopia in the context of current evidence and new tools: opportunities and challenges

December 6, 2018 - 16:49 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Taye Gari and Bernt Lindtjørn
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2018 17:454, 5 December 2018

The core vector control measures, long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS), reduce the risk of malaria infection by targeting indoor biting mosquitoes.

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An observational analysis of the impact of indoor residual spraying with non-pyrethroid insecticides on the incidence of malaria in Ségou Region, Mali: 2012–2015

January 13, 2018 - 14:16 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Joseph Wagman, Christelle Gogue, Molly Robertson, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2018 17:19, 10 January 2018

From 2012 to 2015, the annual IRS campaigns in Ségou are associated with several hundred thousand fewer cases of malaria.

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NOT Open Access | Priorities for Broadening the Malaria Vector Control Tool Kit

July 29, 2017 - 16:35 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Priscille Barreaux, Antoine M.G. Barreaux, Eleanore D. Sternberg, Eunho Suh, Jessica L. Waite, Shelley A. Whitehead, Matthew B. Thomas
Reference: 
Trends in parasitology, June 28, 2017

Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) have contributed substantially to reductions in the burden of malaria in the past 15 years.

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Measuring, manipulating and exploiting behaviours of adult mosquitoes to optimise malaria vector control impact

May 25, 2017 - 09:10 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Gerry F Killeen, John M Marshall, Samson S Kiware, Andy B South, Lucy S Tusting, Prosper P Chaki, Nicodem J Govella
Reference: 
BMJ Global Healthm April 26, 2017, 2 (2) e000212

Residual malaria transmission can persist despite high coverage with effective long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and/or indoor residual spraying (IRS), because many vector mosquitoes evade them by feeding on animals, feeding outdoors, resting outdoors or rapidly exiting from houses after entering them.

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Going beyond personal protection against mosquito bites to eliminate malaria transmission: population suppression of malaria vectors that exploit both human and animal blood

May 25, 2017 - 09:07 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Gerry F Killeen, Samson S Kiware, Lucy S Tusting, et al.
Reference: 
BMJ Global Health, April 26, 2017, 2 (2) e000198

Protecting individuals and households against mosquito bites with long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) or indoor residual spraying (IRS) can suppress entire populations of unusually efficient malaria vector species that predominantly feed indoors on humans.

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Insecticide resistance patterns in Uganda and the effect of indoor residual spraying with bendiocarb on kdr L1014S frequencies in Anopheles gambiae s.s.

April 26, 2017 - 15:27 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Tarekegn A. Abeku, Michelle E. H. Helinski, Matthew J. Kirby, James Ssekitooleko, Chris Bass, Irene Kyomuhangi, Michael Okia, Godfrey Magumba and Sylvia R. Meek
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2017 16:156, 20 April 2017

This study suggests that using a carbamate insecticide for IRS in areas with high levels of pyrethroid resistance may reduce kdr frequencies in An. gambiae s.s.

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Equity in long-lasting insecticidal nets and indoor residual spraying for malaria prevention in a rural South Central Ethiopia

July 19, 2016 - 16:32 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Alemayehu Hailu, Bernt Lindtjørn, Wakgari Deressa, Taye Gari, Eskindir Loha and Bjarne Robberstad
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2016 15:366, 16 July 2016

Coverage of LLIN was low and significant more likely to be owned by the rich households, whereas houses were sprayed equitably.

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The epidemiology of residual Plasmodium falciparum malaria transmission and infection burden in an African city with high coverage of multiple vector control measures

May 25, 2016 - 17:39 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Daniel Msellemu, Hagai I. Namango, Gerry F. Killeen, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2016 15:288, 23 May 2016

While existing vector control interventions have dramatically attenuated malaria transmission in Dar es Salaam, further scale-up and additional measures to protect against mosquito bites outdoors are desirable.

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Risk factors of malaria in children under the age of five years old in Uganda

May 2, 2016 - 06:01 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Danielle Roberts and Glenda Matthews
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2016 15:246, 27 April 2016

Although there has been a significant increase in the use of mosquito nets since the previous Malaria Indicator Survey done in 2009, particularly in the use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs), these control measures alone may not be sufficient.

Long-lasting insecticidal nets no longer effectively kill the highly resistant Anopheles funestus of southern Mozambique

August 6, 2015 - 05:20 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Katey D Glunt, Ana Abílio, Quique Bassat, Helder Bulo, Allison E Gilbert, Silvie Huijben, Maria Manaca, Eusebio Macete, Pedro Alonso, Krijn P Paaijmans
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2015, 14:298 (5 August 2015)

Anopheles funestus s.s. in Manhiça is extremely resistant to pyrethroids, and this area is clearly a pyrethroid-resistance hotspot.

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