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polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

NOT Open Access | Role of Anopheles gambiae s.s. and Anopheles coluzzii (Diptera: Culicidae) in Human Malaria Transmission in Rural Areas of Bouaké, in Côte d'Ivoire

July 6, 2020 - 16:32 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Zoh DD, Yapi A, Chandre F, et al.
Reference: 
Journal of Medical Entomology, Volume 57, Issue 4, July 2020, Pages 1254–1261

Studies done in Bouaké (Côte d'Ivoire) about 20-yr ago reported that Anopheles gambiae s.l. Giles was the major malaria vector. The present study aimed to update these data and to identify the main vectors. Mosquitoes were collected in Allokokro and Petessou villages between June 2014 and December 2015 using the human landing catching method. Potential breeding sites of An. gambiae s.l. were identified in August and October 2014 and mapped using GPS.

Evaluation of Malaria Diagnostic Methods as a Key for Successful Control and Elimination Programs

June 26, 2020 - 15:36 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Mbanefo A, Kumar N
Reference: 
Trop Med Infect Dis. 2020 Jun 19; 5(2):E102

Malaria is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. According to the World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) world malaria report for 2018, there were 228 million cases and 405,000 deaths worldwide. This paper reviews and highlights the importance of accurate, sensitive and affordable diagnostic methods in the fight against malaria. The PubMed online database was used to search for publications that examined the different diagnostic tests for malaria.

Avian haemosporidian persistence and co-infection in great tits at the individual level

January 31, 2013 - 14:16 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
van Rooyen J, Lalubin F, Glaizot O, Christe P
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2013, 12:40 (30 January 2013)
MalariaWorld

The findings of this study suggest that different genera of haemosporidian parasites interact differently with their host and other co-infecting parasites, influencing parasite persistence most likely through inter-parasite competition or host-parasite immune interactions.

Application of loop-mediated isothermal amplification for malaria diagnosis during a follow-up study in Sao Tome

December 10, 2012 - 08:41 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Lee P, Ji D, Liu C, Rampao HS, do Rosario VE, Lin I, Shaio M
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2012, 11:408 (6 December 2012)
MalariaWorld

HRP-2-RDTs have similar sensitivity as microscopy but less specificity. However, as compared to nested PCR, the poor sensitivity of HRP-2-RDTs indicates that low parasitaemia may not be detected after treatment, as well as the low specificity of HRP-2-RDTs indicates it cannot be applied for treatment follow-up.

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