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Malawi

School-based screening and treatment may reduce P. falciparum transmission

March 31, 2021 - 14:34 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Cohee LM, Valim C, Laufer MK, et al.
Reference: 
Sci Rep. 2021 Mar 25;11(1):6905

In areas where malaria remains entrenched, novel transmission-reducing interventions are essential for malaria elimination. We report the impact screening-and-treatment of asymptomatic Malawian schoolchildren (n = 364 in the rainy season and 341 in the dry season) had on gametocyte-the parasite stage responsible for human-to-mosquito transmission-carriage.

Household knowledge, perceptions and practices of mosquito larval source management for malaria prevention and control in Mwanza district, Malawi: a cross‐sectional study

March 18, 2021 - 09:23 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Mphatso Kamndaya, Dumisani Mfipa and Kingsley Lungu
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2021 20:150, 17 March 2021

Mosquito larval source management (LSM) is a key outdoor malaria vector control strategy in rural communities in sub-Saharan Africa. Knowledge of this strategy is important for optimal design and implementation of effective malaria control interventions in this region. This study assessed household knowledge, perceptions and practices of mosquito LSM methods (draining stagnant water, larviciding, clearing grass/bushes and clean environment).

NOT Open Access | Patterns and correlates of ownership and utilization of insecticide-treated bed-nets for malaria control among women of reproductive age (15-49 years) in Malawi

February 2, 2021 - 17:09 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Forty J, Keetile M
Reference: 
J Biosoc Sci. 2021 Feb 2:1-10

Malaria is a major public health concern in Malawi. This study explored the patterns and correlates of ownership and utilization of ITNs for malaria control among women of reproductive age in Malawi. Data were derived from the multi-stage cross-sectional Malaria Indicator Survey (MIS) conducted in 2017, which followed ITN distribution in 2012 and 2015. Of the 3860 sampled women aged 15-49 years, 88% (3398/3860) and 64% (2473/3860) reported that they owned and utilized ITNs, respectively. Adjusted multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the odds of ownership of ITNs were significantly low among women with no education (AOR = 0.36, CI = 0.18-0.72), those with primary education (AOR = 0.50, CI = 0.27-0.94) and poor women (AOR = 0.70, CI = 0.51-0.97).

Not Open Access | Effects of Malaria Interventions During Pregnancy on Low Birth Weight in Malawi

December 2, 2020 - 08:48 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Nkoka O, Chuang TW, Chen YH
Reference: 
Am J Prev Med. 2020 Dec;59(6):904-913

In malaria-endemic countries, malaria during pregnancy is associated with adverse birth outcomes, including low birth weight (i.e., <2.5 kg). However, the effects of the widely promoted and recommended approaches of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in pregnancy and insecticide-treated nets for pregnant women on low birth weight have been insufficiently examined. This analysis investigates the independent and combined effects of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in pregnancy and insecticide-treated nets on low birth weight among Malawian children.

Effect of bed net colour and shape preferences on bed net usage: a secondary data analysis of the 2017 Malawi Malaria Indicator Survey

November 24, 2020 - 15:03 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Donnie Mategula, Latif Ndeketa, Judy Gichuki, Boston Zimba, Wilson Ching’ani and Michael Give Chipeta
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:428, 23 November 2020

Malaria remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the paediatric population in Malawi. Insecticide-treated bed nets are a key vector malaria control intervention, however, advancement towards universal access is progressing slowly. Malawi Malaria indicator surveys (MMIS) show diverse user preferences of bed net shape and colour. The objective of this work was to understand if bed net shape and colour preferences affect usage.

Adoption of evidence-based global policies at the national level: intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in pregnancy and first trimester treatment in Kenya, Malawi, Mali and The Gambia

November 14, 2020 - 16:19 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Webster J, Hoyt J, Hill J, et al.
Reference: 
Health Policy Plan. 2020 Nov 12:czaa132

In 2012, the World Health Organization (WHO) updated its policy on intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP). A global recommendation to revise the WHO policy on the treatment of malaria in the first trimester is under review. We conducted a retrospective study of the national policy adoption process for revised IPTp-SP dosing in four sub-Saharan African countries.

Copula geoadditive modelling of anaemia and malaria in young children in Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda

November 10, 2020 - 13:46 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Roberts DJ, Zewotir T
Reference: 
J Health Popul Nutr. 2020 Nov 6;39(1):8

Anaemia and malaria are the leading causes of sub-Saharan African childhood morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to explore the complex relationship between anaemia and malaria in young children across the districts or counties of four contiguous sub-Saharan African countries, namely Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda, while accounting for the effects of socio-economic, demographic and environmental factors. Geospatial maps were constructed to visualise the relationship between the two responses across the districts of the countries.

"We can't handle things we don't know about": perceived neurorehabilitation challenges for Malawian paediatric cerebral malaria survivors

November 4, 2020 - 14:44 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Boubour A, Mboma S, Võ T, Birbeck GL, Seydel KB, Mallewa M, Chinguo D, Gladstone M, Mohamed S, Thakur KT
Reference: 
BMC Pediatr. 2020 Nov 3;20(1):503

We sought to identify perceptions of neurorehabilitation challenges for paediatric cerebral malaria (CM) survivors post-hospital discharge at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital (QECH) in Blantyre, Malawi.

Asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum malaria prevalence among adolescents and adults in Malawi, 2015-2016

November 4, 2020 - 10:13 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Topazian HM, Gumbo A, Juliano JJ, et al.
Reference: 
Sci Rep. 2020 Oct 30;10(1):18740

Malaria remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in Malawi, with an estimated 18-19% prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum in children 2-10 years in 2015-2016. While children report the highest rates of clinical disease, adults are thought to be an important reservoir to sustained transmission due to persistent asymptomatic infection.

NOT Open Access | Influence of Maternal Exposure to Malaria Social and Behavioral Change Messages and Effectiveness of Communication Media on Bed Net Use and Malaria Infection in Malawi

October 28, 2020 - 08:46 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Nkoka O, Chuang TW, Chen YH
Reference: 
Health Educ Behav. 2020 Oct 23:1090198120964201

Malawi is a malaria-endemic country. A national malaria communication strategy was adopted to disseminate malaria messages with the aim of improving knowledge and adoption of malaria interventions.

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