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mosquitoes

Autogeny in Culiseta longiareolata (Culicidae: Diptera) mosquitoes in laboratory conditions in Iran

February 25, 2020 - 16:06 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Khaligh FG, Naghian A, Soltanbeiglou S, Gholizadeh S
Reference: 
BMC Res Notes. 2020 Feb 19;13(1):81

Culiseta longiareolata is a cosmopolitan species and has implicated in the transmission of avian malaria, tularemia, and arboviruses. Despite the wide distribution of Cs. longiareolata in Iran, little is known about its biology and physiology. The current research was conducted to study the autogeny behavior in this potential vector. During 2018, larvae and pupae were collected from Nazloo region in Urmia City using standard methods. Mosquitoes were reared in cages and fed by 5% sugar in laboratory conditions and were then dissected in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) under a stereo microscope.

Controlling mosquitoes with semiochemicals: a review

February 22, 2020 - 17:20 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Wooding M, Naudé Y, Rohwer E, Bouwer M
Reference: 
Parasites Vectors 2020 Feb 17; 13(1):80

The use of semiochemicals in odour-based traps for surveillance and control of vector mosquitoes is deemed a new and viable component for integrated vector management programmes. Over 114 semiochemicals have been identified, yet implementation of these for management of infectious diseases such as malaria, dengue, chikungunya and Rift Valley fever is still a major challenge. The difficulties arise due to variation in how different mosquito species respond to not only single chemical compounds but also complex chemical blends.

Large-scale field trial of attractive toxic sugar baits (ATSB) for the control of malaria vector mosquitoes in Mali, West Africa

February 22, 2020 - 16:19 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Mohamad M. Traore, Amy Junnila, Sekou F. Traore, Seydou Doumbia, Edita E. Revay, Vasiliy D. Kravchenko, Yosef Schlein, Kristopher L. Arheart, Petrányi Gergely, Rui-De Xue, Axel Hausmann, Robert Beck, Alex Prozorov, Rabiatou A. Diarra, Aboubakr S. Kone, Silas Majambere, John Bradley, John Vontas, John C. Beier & Günter C. Müller
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:72, 14 February 2020

The aim of this field trial was to evaluate the efficacy of attractive toxic sugar baits (ATSB) in Mali, where sustained malaria transmission occurs despite the use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs). ATSB bait stations were deployed in seven of 14 similar study villages, where LLINs were already in widespread use. The combined use of ATSB and LLINs was tested to see if it would substantially reduce parasite transmission by Anopheles gambiae sensu lato beyond use of LLINs alone.

NOT Open Access | Efficient Transmission of Mixed Plasmodium falciparum/vivax Infections From Humans to Mosquitoes

January 24, 2020 - 14:42 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Balasubramanian S, Rahman RS, Lon C, Parobek C, Ubalee R, Hathaway N, Kuntawunginn W, My M, Vy D, Saxe J, Lanteri C, Lin FC, Spring M, Meshnick SR, Juliano JJ, Saunders DL, Lin JT
Reference: 
The Journal of Infectious Diseases, Volume 221, Issue 3, 1 February 2020, Pages 428–437

In Southeast Asia, people are often coinfected with different species of malaria (Plasmodium falciparum [Pf] and Plasmodium vivax [Pv]) as well as with multiple clones of the same species. Whether particular species or clones within mixed infections are more readily transmitted to mosquitoes remains unknown.

Inhibition of Plasmepsin V Activity Blocks Plasmodium falciparum Gametocytogenesis and Transmission to Mosquitoes

January 15, 2020 - 09:25 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Jennison C, Lucantoni L, O'Neill MT, McConville R, Erickson SM, Cowman AF, Sleebs BE, Avery VM, Boddey JA
Reference: 
Cell Reports Volume 29, ISSUE 12, P 3796-3806.e4 December 17, 2019

Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes infect mosquitoes and are responsible for malaria transmission. New interventions that block transmission could accelerate malaria elimination. Gametocytes develop within erythrocytes and activate protein export pathways that remodel the host cell. Plasmepsin V (PMV) is an aspartyl protease that is required for protein export in asexual parasites, but its function and essentiality in gametocytes has not been definitively proven, nor has PMV been assessed as a transmission-blocking drug target.

Hold your breath - Differential behavioral and sensory acuity of mosquitoes to acetone and carbon dioxide

January 15, 2020 - 07:44 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Ghaninia M, Majeed S, Dekker T, Hill SR, Ignell R
Reference: 
PLoS ONE 14(12): e0226815

Host seeking in the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti, and the African malaria mosquito, Anopheles coluzzii, relies on specific and generic host-derived odorants. Previous analyses indicate that the behavioral response of these species depends differentially on the presence of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other constituents in human breath for activation and attraction.

Excito-repellency Activity of Andrographis paniculata (Lamiales: Acanthaceae) Against Colonized Mosquitoes

January 14, 2020 - 09:30 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Sukkanon C, Karpkird T, Saeung M, Leepasert T, Panthawong A, Suwonkerd W, Bangs MJ, Chareonviriyaphap T
Reference: 
Journal of Medical Entomology, Volume 57, Issue 1, January 2020, Pages 192–203

Excito-repellency activity of plant extracts have been increasingly studied as mosquito repellents. In this study, the crude extract of Andrographis paniculata was evaluated for its noncontact repellency, contact excitation (irritancy + repellency), and knockdown/toxicity response against five colonized mosquitoes; Aedes aegypti (L.), Aedes albopictus (Skuse), Anopheles dirus Peyton & Harrison, Anopheles epiroticus Linton & Harbach, and Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae) using an excito-repellency assay system under laboratory-controlled conditions.

Malaria mosquitoes use leg push-off forces to control body pitch during take-off

January 7, 2020 - 14:06 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Wouter G. van Veen, Johan L. van Leeuwen, Florian T. Muijres
Reference: 
J Exp Zool A Ecol Integr Physiol. 2020 Jan;333(1):38-49

Escaping from a blood host with freshly acquired nutrition for her eggs is one of the most critical actions in the life of a female malaria mosquito. During this take‐off, she has to carry a large payload, up to three times her body weight, while avoiding tactile detection by the host. What separates the malaria mosquito from most other insects is that the mosquito pushes off gently with its legs while producing aerodynamic forces with its wings. Apart from generating the required forces, the malaria mosquito has to produce the correct torques to pitch‐up during take‐off.

Biological larviciding against malaria vector mosquitoes with Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti) - Long term observations and assessment of repeatability during an additional intervention year of a large-scale field trial in rural Burkina Faso

January 1, 2020 - 15:56 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Dambach P, Winkler V, Bärnighausen T, Traoré I, Ouedraogo S, Sié A, Sauerborn R, Becker N, Louis VR
Reference: 
Glob Health Action. 2020 Dec 31;13(1):1829828

The first line of malaria vector control to date mainly relies on the use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS). For integrated vector management, targeting the vector larvae with biological larvicides such as Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti) can be an effective additional mainstay. This study presents data from the second intervention year of a large-scale trial on biological larviciding with Bti that was carried out in 127 rural villages and a semi-urban town in Burkina Faso.

Infected Mosquitoes Have Altered Behavior to Repellents: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

November 26, 2019 - 13:58 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Lajeunesse MJ, Avello DA, Yanez NE, et al.
Reference: 
Journal of Medical Entomology, tjz209 22 November 2019

Here we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to reach a consensus on whether infected and uninfected mosquitoes respond differently to repellents. After screening 2,316 published studies, theses, and conference abstracts, we identified 18 studies that tested whether infection status modulated the effectiveness of repellents. Thirteen of these studies had outcomes available for meta-analysis, and overall, seven repellents were tested (typically DEET with 62% of outcomes), six mosquito species had repellence behaviors measured (typically Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes with 71% of outcomes), and a broad diversity of infections were tested including Sindbis virus (Togaviridae: Alphavirus) (33% of outcomes), Dengue (Flaviviridae: Flavivirus) (31%), malaria (Plasmodium berghei Vincke & Lips (Haemospororida: Plasmodiidae) or P. falciparum Welch (Haemospororida: Plasmodiidae); 25%), Zika (Flaviviridae: Flavivirus) (7%), and microsporidia (4%).

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