Nigeria was among the first African countries to adopt and implement change of treatment policy for severe malaria from quinine to artesunate. Seven years after the policy change health systems readiness and quality of inpatient malaria case-management practices were evaluated in Kano State of Nigeria.
Malaria in pregnancy affects both the mother and the fetus. However, evidence supporting treatment guidelines for uncomplicated (including asymptomatic) falciparum malaria in pregnant women is scarce and assessed in varied ways. We did a systematic literature review and individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and tolerability of different artemisinin-based or quinine-based treatments for malaria in pregnant women.
This retrospective analysis performed in Manhiça, Southern Mozambique aimed to describe the occurrence of post-malarial anaemia (measured as a decrease of haematocrit ≥10%) and the need for blood transfusions in children with severe malaria treated with intravenous quinine or parenteral artesunate.
Malaria in pregnancy, including asymptomatic infection, has a detrimental impact on foetal development. Individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis was conducted to compare the association between antimalarial treatments and adverse pregnancy outcomes, including placental malaria, accompanied with the gestational age at diagnosis of uncomplicated falciparum malaria infection.
Auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) can cause significant hearing impairment; it occurs when there is intact outer hair cell function in the inner ear, with a dyssynchronous neural response, thought to be due to dysfunction of the inner hair cells (IHCs), the synapse of the IHCs and the auditory nerve, or of the auditory nerve itself.
Little is known on the use of artesunate compared with quinine for the treatment of imported malaria cases in nonendemic countries with a high level of care. Therefore, we compared the 2 treatments in terms of mortality and hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) discharge rates.
Quinine was supplied by the first global pharmaceutical cartel which discouraged competition resulting in a near monopoly of cinchona plantations on the island of Java which were closed to Allied use when the Japanese Imperial Army captured Indonesia in 1942.
This review presents a background for recommending artesunate as the first-line treatment of severe malaria in children and adults, and interventions that are recommended to accelerate access to injectable artesunate.
This study was conducted to compare the distribution pattern of the pfcrt and pfmdr1 polymorphisms in the parasites from the lower southern provinces, Thai-Malaysia border and the upper southern provinces, Thai-Myanmar border.
The aim of this study was to develop a quinine suppository with adequate release properties that also meets the dual conditions of affordability and ease of administration. Cocoa butter and FattibaseTM were used in the preparation of suppositories containing 200 mg quinine bisulphate. Release profiles of formulations with varying concentrations of polysorbate 80 (0 – 5%) were evaluated by in vitro dissolution in pH 8 buffer medium. Formulations with the two bases released quinine in adequate quantities for the management of malaria.