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children

Malaria Chemoprevention in the Postdischarge Management of Severe Anemia

December 3, 2020 - 13:35 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Kwambai TK, Dhabangi A, Ter Kuile FO, et al.
Reference: 
N Engl J Med. 2020 Dec 3;383(23):2242-2254

Children who have been hospitalized with severe anemia in areas of Africa in which malaria is endemic have a high risk of readmission and death within 6 months after discharge. No prevention strategy specifically addresses this period.

NOT Open Access | Malaria is associated with Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) seroconversion in a cohort of western Kenyan children

December 3, 2020 - 13:31 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Sabourin KR, Daud I, Ogolla S, Labo N, Miley W, Lamb M, Newton R, Whitby D, Rochford R
Reference: 
J Infect Dis. 2020 Nov 29:jiaa740

We aimed to determine whether Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) infection affects age of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) seroconversion in Kenyan children.

Red blood cell homeostasis in children and adults with and without asymptomatic malaria infection in Burkina Faso

December 3, 2020 - 12:24 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Kaboré B, Post A, Berendsen MLT, Diallo S, Lompo P, Derra K, Rouamba E, Jacobs J, Tinto H, de Mast Q, van der Ven AJ
Reference: 
PLoS One. 2020 Nov 30;15(11):e0242507

Asymptomatic malaria infections may affect red blood cell (RBC) homeostasis. Reports indicate a role for chronic hemolysis and splenomegaly, however, the underlying processes are incompletely understood. New hematology analysers provide parameters for a more comprehensive analysis of RBC hemostasis. Complete blood counts were analysed in subjects from all age groups (n = 1118) living in a malaria hyperendemic area and cytokines and iron biomarkers were also measured. Subjects were divided into age groups (<2 years, 2-4, 5-14 and ≥15 years old) and clinical categories (smear-negative healthy subjects, asymptomatic malaria and clinical malaria).

Back to school for malaria prevention: a new tool in the era of malaria elimination

December 2, 2020 - 09:47 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
van Eijk AM, Hill J
Reference: 
Lancet Glob Health. 2020 Dec;8(12):e1447-e1448

Children and pregnant women are at increased risk of malaria. Among children, research to date has focused on preschool children (aged <5 years) because this age group has the highest malaria death and illness rates of malaria illness and deaths. With changing malaria endemicity, however, vulnerability patterns among children of different age groups might change.

Predictors of outcome in childhood Plasmodium falciparum malaria

December 2, 2020 - 09:02 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Patel H, Dunican C, Cunnington AJ
Reference: 
Virulence. 2020 Dec;11(1):199-221

Plasmodium falciparum malaria is classified as either uncomplicated or severe, determining clinical management and providing a framework for understanding pathogenesis. Severe malaria in children is defined by the presence of one or more features associated with adverse outcome, but there is wide variation in the predictive value of these features.

Not Open Access | Effects of Malaria Interventions During Pregnancy on Low Birth Weight in Malawi

December 2, 2020 - 08:48 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Nkoka O, Chuang TW, Chen YH
Reference: 
Am J Prev Med. 2020 Dec;59(6):904-913

In malaria-endemic countries, malaria during pregnancy is associated with adverse birth outcomes, including low birth weight (i.e., <2.5 kg). However, the effects of the widely promoted and recommended approaches of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in pregnancy and insecticide-treated nets for pregnant women on low birth weight have been insufficiently examined. This analysis investigates the independent and combined effects of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in pregnancy and insecticide-treated nets on low birth weight among Malawian children.

Haptoglobin gene diversity and incidence of uncomplicated malaria among children in Iganga, Uganda

November 28, 2020 - 16:24 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Catherine N. Lwanira, Fred Kironde and Göte Swedberg
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:435, 26 November 2020

Haptoglobin (Hp) is an acute phase protein that takes part in systemic regulation of haem during Plasmodium falciparum infections. Numerous genotypes of haptoglobin have been reported in malaria endemic populations. In this study, the relationship between haptoglobin genotypes and incidence of uncomplicated malaria in a cohort of children living in a malaria-endemic area of Uganda was determined.

Association between haematological parameters and sickle cell genotypes in children with Plasmodium falciparum malaria resident in Kisumu County in Western Kenya

November 28, 2020 - 15:53 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Kosiyo P, Otieno W, Gitaka J, Munde EO, Ouma C
Reference: 
BMC Infect Dis. 2020 Nov 25;20(1):887

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a monogenic disorder due to point mutation in the β-globin gene resulting in substitution of Valine for Glutamic acid. The SCD is prevalent in P. falciparum endemic regions such as western Kenya. Carriage of different sickle cell genotypes may influence haematological parameter during malaria. Children resident in malaria holoendemic regions suffer more from malaria-related complications and this is moderated by the presence of the SCD. In the current study, we determined the association between sickle cell genotypes and haematological parameters in children with P. falciparum malaria resident in Kisumu County in Western Kenya.

Not Open Access | EEG markers predictive of epilepsy risk in pediatric cerebral malaria - A feasibility study

November 25, 2020 - 13:29 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Patel AA, Jannati A, Dhamne SC, Sapuwa M, Kalanga E, Mazumdar M, Birbeck GL, Rotenberg A
Reference: 
Epilepsy Behav. 2020 Nov 21;113:107536

Cerebral malaria (CM) affects 500,000 million children annually, 10% whom develop epilepsy within two years. Acute identification of biomarkers for post-CM epilepsy would allow for follow-up of the highest risk populations in resource-limited regions. We investigated the utility of electroencephalogram (EEG) and clinical metrics obtained during acute CM infection for predicting epilepsy.

Prevalence of sickle cell disorders and malaria infection in children aged 1–12 years in the Volta Region, Ghana: a community-based study

November 24, 2020 - 14:59 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Mavis Oppong, Helena Lamptey, Eric Kyei-Baafour, Belinda Aculley, Ebenezer Addo Ofori, Bernard Tornyigah, Margaret Kweku and Michael F. Ofori
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2020 19:426, 23 November 2020

Alterations in the structure of haemoglobin (Hb) are usually brought about by point mutations affecting one or, in some cases, two codons encoding amino acids of the globin chains. One in three Ghanaians are said to have sickle cell disorders, whereas malaria continues to be one of the leading causes of mortality among children. This study determined the prevalence of sickle cell disorders and malaria infection among children aged 1–12 years in the Volta Region.

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