Brain swelling is a major predictor of mortality in pediatric cerebral malaria (CM).
Cerebral malaria is one of the most severe complications of human infection by the Plasmodium falciparum parasite.
Rapamycin exerts pleotropic effects on host immunity, vascular activation and parasite sequestration that rescue mice from ECM, and thus support the potential clinical use of rapamycin as an adjunctive therapy in CM.
In summary, these findings indicate for the first time that CM induces neurochemical and electrophysiological impairment in the mice retinal tissue, in a TNF-independent manner.
CSF KYNA and kynurenine are elevated in children with CM, indicating an inhibition of glutamatergic and cholinergic signaling.
Covalent bitherapy proves to be a viable source of urgently needed new anti-malarials for management of cerebral malaria, and this polypharmacology approach could be a potential strategy to protect artesunate from parasite resistance and in potentially improving clinical outcomes in severe forms of malaria infections.
Systemic tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) may contribute to the pathogenesis of cerebral malaria (CM) by promoting endothelial activation and parasite sequestration.
Cerebral malaria (CM) is associated with a high mortality rate and long-term neurocognitive impairment in survivors.
Cerebral malaria (CM) is a severe complication of Plasmodium falciparum infection that results in thousands of deaths each year, mostly in African children.
The role of cytokines in Plasmodium infection have been extensively investigated, but pro and anti inflammatory cytokines mediated imbalance during malaria immune-pathogenesis is still unrevealed.