Since 2012, the Zanzibar Malaria Elimination Program has been implementing reactive case detection (RACD). Health facility (HF) staff send individual malaria case notifications by using mobile phones, triggering a review of HF records and malaria testing and treatment at the household level by a district malaria surveillance officer. We assessed the completeness and timeliness of this system, from case notification to household-level response. We reviewed two years (2015–2016) of primary register information in 40 randomly selected HFs on Zanzibar’s two islands Unguja and Pemba and database records of case notifications from all registered HFs for the period 2013–16.
Surveillance is a core component of an effective system to support malaria elimination. Poor surveillance data will prevent countries from monitoring progress towards elimination and targeting interventions to the last remaining at-risk places. An evaluation of the performance of surveillance systems in 16 countries was conducted to identify key gaps which could be addressed to build effective systems for malaria elimination.
There are several recent papers examining the way that the US gradually suppressed and then eliminated malaria from the southern states which were sub-tropical, and also from the northern states in which summer-time malaria had always been a problem.
The Asia Pacific Malaria Elimination Network (APMEN) met for its fifth annual meeting in Bali, Indonesia from March 4 to 7, 2013.
The video below is an interview with Dr. Jo Lines posted online two weeks ago. Dr. Lines is currently with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine again after several years of serving the World Health Organization in Geneva. He has been one of the frontline people in the science surrounding insecticide-treated bednets, and later in advocacy and uptake of this simple technology that has saved an estimated 1 million lives over the past decade. A remarkable achievement no doubt. Have a look...
Many countries are nearing — or have already achieved — malaria elimination, as documented by a new series of case studies by The Global Health Group at the University of California, San Francisco and the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Malaria Programme. Having worked in collaboration with ministries of health in affected countries, the two organizations highlight new evidence about what works — and what does not — for reaching and sustaining zero malaria transmission.
On 18th September 2009, Bart Knols submitted an article ‘Eradication, elimination, and control: Knowing the past of malaria.’ He wrote that malaria elimination requires a change of approach and a different way of thinking. Community ‘soft’ approaches will give you control, not elimination, and he pointed at historical successes in eliminating malaria which were based on rigorous military-style organised campaigns.
The disappointment and criticism about malaria elimination in Africa is palpable. There is an impression that the campaign of malaria eradication in Africa is sometimes rudderless, with money being thrown uselessly or ineffectively at the problem.
This Guest Editorial was written by Anton Alexander (retired solicitor, UK), based on an online presentation about Palestine and how it freed itself from malaria. No doubt of interest to those studying the history of malaria, but equally important for those that are criticial about malaria elimination.