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malaria elimination

Guest editorial: “End Malaria for Good”- a few key messages based on the Cambodian experience

June 23, 2016 - 07:27 -- Bart G.J. Knols
The editorial below was contributed by Sara E Canavati and Jack S Richards. Contact details below.
 
World Malaria Day (WMD) is an international observance established in 2007 and commemorated every year on 25 April to recognize global efforts to control malaria. The theme for 2016 was “End Malaria For Good”, which focused on malaria elimination. Following the great progress made under the Millennium Development Goals, it is important to continue building on this success as we transition into the Sustainable Development Goals [1] and the recently launched Global Technical Strategy for Malaria (GTS) [2]. The aim of the piece is to briefly reflect on WMD 2016 and consider a few key operational issues on malaria elimination that may lie ahead for the coming year.

The resistome and genomic reconnaissance in the age of malaria elimination

January 15, 2020 - 09:06 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Kümpornsin K, Kochakarn T, Chookajorn T
Reference: 
Disease Models & Mechanisms, vol. 12 no. 12, dmm040717

Malaria is an infectious disease caused by parasitic protozoa in the Plasmodium genus. A complete understanding of the biology of these parasites is challenging in view of their need to switch between the vertebrate and insect hosts. The parasites are also capable of becoming highly motile and of remaining dormant for decades, depending on the stage of their life cycle.

Understanding challenges to malaria elimination in Nepal: a qualitative study with an embedded capacity-building exercise

December 30, 2019 - 14:32 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Shiva Raj Adhikari, Vishnu P. Sapkota, Arjun K. Thapa and Yubraj Acharya
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:437, 21 December 2019

The Nepalese Government has made significant progress toward the elimination of malaria. However, given the surge in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases, such as diabetes and hypertension, and the localized nature of malaria prevalence, malaria elimination will remain a challenge. In the current study, the authors sought to understand local perceptions on threats to malaria elimination in three endemic districts.

The 2019 Isdell:Flowers Cross Border Malaria Initiative Round Table: community engagement in the context of malaria elimination

December 30, 2019 - 14:19 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Alexandra Gordon, Rebecca J. Vander Meulen and Alysse Maglior
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:432, 19 December 2019

Government officials, representatives from malaria endemic communities, and nonprofit, academic, and private sector partners convened at the 2019 Isdell:Flowers Cross Border Malaria Initiative Round Table in Livingstone, Zambia from February 28–March 1, 2019 to discuss the necessity of community engagement and the involvement of those directly affected by malaria in malaria elimination efforts.

Assessing the role of the private sector in surveillance for malaria elimination in Haiti and the Dominican Republic: a qualitative study

December 10, 2019 - 10:58 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Sidibe A, Maglior A, Bennett A, et al.
Reference: 
Malar J. 2019 Dec 5; 18(1):408

Haiti and the Dominican Republic (DR) are targeting malaria elimination by 2022. The private health sector has been relatively unengaged in these efforts, even though most primary health care in Haiti is provided by non-state actors, and many people use traditional medicine. Data on private health sector participation in malaria elimination efforts are lacking, as are data on care-seeking behaviour of patients in the private health sector. This study sought to describe the role of private health sector providers, care-seeking behaviour of individuals at high risk of malaria, and possible means of engaging the private health sector in Hispaniola’s malaria elimination efforts.

NOT Open Access |Recent advances in transmission-blocking drugs for malaria elimination

December 2, 2019 - 15:10 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
Wadi I, Nath M, Anvikar AR, Singh P, Sinha A.
Reference: 
Future Med Chem. 2019 Nov 29.

The scientific community worldwide has realized that malaria elimination will not be possible without development of safe and effective transmission-blocking interventions. Primaquine, the only WHO recommended transmission-blocking drug, is not extensively utilized because of the toxicity issues in G6PD deficient individuals.

Forest work and its implications for malaria elimination: a qualitative study

December 2, 2019 - 14:50 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Sanann N, Peto TJ, Pell C, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal volume 18, Article number: 376 (2019)

Over the last 20 years, malaria incidence has decreased across the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) and the emergence of artemisinin resistance has stimulated efforts to accelerate regional elimination. In the GMS, the malaria transmission is focused increasingly in forested zones. This article describes forest-going activities and examines forest workers’ attitudes to and experiences of malaria prevention and control in north-eastern Cambodia.

Operational Coverage and Timeliness of Reactive Case Detection for Malaria Elimination in Zanzibar, Tanzania

November 27, 2019 - 16:10 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Tina van der Horst, Abdul-wahid Al-mafazy, Bakar Shariff Fakih, Logan Stuck, Abdullah Ali, Joshua Yukich and Manuel W. Hetzel
Reference: 
Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 00(0), 2019, pp. 1–9

Since 2012, the Zanzibar Malaria Elimination Program has been implementing reactive case detection (RACD). Health facility (HF) staff send individual malaria case notifications by using mobile phones, triggering a review of HF records and malaria testing and treatment at the household level by a district malaria surveillance officer. We assessed the completeness and timeliness of this system, from case notification to household-level response. We reviewed two years (2015–2016) of primary register information in 40 randomly selected HFs on Zanzibar’s two islands Unguja and Pemba and database records of case notifications from all registered HFs for the period 2013–16.

Country: 

Strengthening surveillance systems for malaria elimination: a global landscaping of system performance, 2015–2017

September 23, 2019 - 14:15 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Christopher Lourenço, Andrew J. Tatem, Peter M. Atkinson, Justin M. Cohen, Deepa Pindolia, Darlene Bhavnani and Arnaud Le Menach
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:315, 18 September 2019

Surveillance is a core component of an effective system to support malaria elimination. Poor surveillance data will prevent countries from monitoring progress towards elimination and targeting interventions to the last remaining at-risk places. An evaluation of the performance of surveillance systems in 16 countries was conducted to identify key gaps which could be addressed to build effective systems for malaria elimination.

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