Eleven new angeloylated eudesmane sesquiterpenoids, dobinins D–N (2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, and 11–15), and four known compounds (1, 4, 7, and 10) were isolated from the roots of Dobinea delavayi. A new oxidation product (8a) was also obtained from dobinin H (8). Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic data and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses.
Antimalarial drug resistance in the Plasmodium falciparum parasite poses a constant challenge for drug development. To mitigate this risk, new antimalarial medicines should be developed as fixed-dose combinations. Assessing the pharmacodynamic interactions of potential antimalarial drug combination partners during early phases of development is essential in developing the targeted parasitological and clinical profile of the final drug product.
Support vector machine (SVM) and general regression neural network (GRNN) were used to develop classification models for predicting the antimalarial activity against Plasmodium falciparum. Only 15 molecular descriptors were used to build the classification models for the antimalarial activities of 4750 compounds, which were divided into a training set (3887 compounds) and a test set (863 compounds).
Continuous spread of antimalarial drug resistance is a threat to current chemotherapy efficacy. Therefore, characterizing the genetic diversity of drug resistance markers is needed to follow treatment effectiveness and further update control strategies. Here, we genotyped Plasmodium falciparum resistance gene markers associated with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) and artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) in isolates from pregnant women in Ghana.
Malaria remains a serious worldwide health danger and massive economic trouble to disease-endemic nations. Presently, 250 million of malarial cases are expected worldwide. The emergence of fighting of the Plasmodium parasite against the first-line antimalarial drugs has fueled research attention in the way of designing new scaffolds as well as strategies to counter the drug resistance.
One previously undescribed angeloylated noreudesmane sesquiterpenoid, dobinin O (1), along with four known eudesmane sesquiterpenoids (2–5) were isolated from the peeled roots of Dobinea delavayi.
Malaria is a global health problem leading to the death of 435,000 cases in tropical and sub-tropical zones. Spread and emergence of increasing resistance to the antimalarial drugs are the major challenges in the control of malaria. Therefore, searching for alternative antimalarial drugs is urgently needed, and combination treatment preferred as an approach to address this. This study aimed to evaluate in vivo antimalarial activity of zingerone (ZN), and its combination with dihydroartemisinin (DHA) against Plasmodium berghei infected mice.
Salinipostin A (Sal A) is a potent antiplasmodial marine natural product with an undefined mechanism of action. Using a Sal A-derived activity-based probe, we identify its targets in the Plasmodium falciparum parasite. All of the identified proteins contain α/β serine hydrolase domains and several are essential for parasite growth. One of the essential targets displays a high degree of homology to human monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) and is able to process lipid esters including a MAGL acylglyceride substrate.
Coccinia barteri (Hook. F.) is traditional used in Southeast of Nigeria in management of fever. This study aimed to evaluate the antimalarial activities of hydro-methanol crude extract and solvent fractions of Coccinia barteri leaf.
Schistosomiasis and malaria are endemic in sub‐Saharan Africa where Schistosoma haematobium (Sh) and Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) coinfections are thus frequent. We explored the effect of Sh infection on antibody responses directed to Pf merozoite antigens and on malaria susceptibility in Beninese children.