Innovative antimalarial strategies are urgently needed given the alarming evolution of resistance to every single drug developed against Plasmodium parasites. The sulfated glycosaminoglycan heparin has been delivered in membrane feeding assays together with Plasmodium berghei-infected blood to Anopheles stephensi mosquitoes.
Malaria is a worldwide serious-threatening infectious disease caused by Plasmodium and the parasite resistance to antimalarial drugs has confirmed a significant obstacle to novel therapeutic antimalarial drugs. In this article, we assessed the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of nanoparticles prepared from Indigofera oblongifolia extract (AgNPs) against the infection with Plasmodium chabaudi caused in mice spleen.
The rapid development of parasite drug resistance as well as the lack of medications targeting both the asexual and the sexual blood stages of the malaria parasite necessitate the search for novel antimalarial compounds. Eleven organoarsenic compounds were synthesized and tested for their effect on the asexual blood stages and sexual transmission stages of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum using in vitro assays.
COVID-19 is affecting different countries all over the world with great variation in infection rate and death ratio. Some reports suggested a relation between the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine and the malaria treatment to the prevention of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Some reports related infant's lower susceptibility to the COVID-19.
Treatment of malaria during pregnancy requires balancing the need for radical cure while avoiding teratogenic exposure. In The Lancet Infectious Diseases, Makoto Saito and colleagues report the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis that used individual patient data on antimalarial efficacy and tolerability in pregnancy.
The antimalarial drug lumefantrine (LF) exhibits erratic pharmacokinetics (PK). Intersubject variability might be attributed, in part, to differences in the gut microbiome-mediated drug metabolism. We assessed LF disposition in healthy mice stratified by enterotype to explore associations between the gut microbiota and LF PK. Gut microbiota enterotypes were classified according to abundance and diversity indices from 16S rRNA sequencing.
International regulatory authorities and funders require that research be disseminated promptly and appropriately to all involved stakeholders. However, following completion of clinical trials participants often either do not receive any feedback or materials provided are not appropriate for the context.
(+)-SJ000557733 (SJ733) is a novel, orally bioavailable inhibitor of Plasmodium falciparum ATP4. In this first-in-human and induced blood-stage malaria phase 1a/b trial, we investigated the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and antimalarial activity of SJ733 in humans.
Using fragment-based design strategy, new pyridyl-indole hybrids 4a–y and indole intermediates 3a–e were synthesized using multicomponent one pot reaction. The synthesized compounds were subjected to screening for antimalarial activity against chloroquine sensitive (D6) and chloroquine resistant (W2) strains of Plasmodium falciparum.
Eleven new angeloylated eudesmane sesquiterpenoids, dobinins D–N (2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, and 11–15), and four known compounds (1, 4, 7, and 10) were isolated from the roots of Dobinea delavayi. A new oxidation product (8a) was also obtained from dobinin H (8). Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic data and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses.