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NOT Open Access | Tuberculosis and malaria walk side by side in the Brazilian Amazon: an ecological approach

August 9, 2019 - 14:51 -- NOT Open Access
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Author(s): 
Rahyja Teixeira, Maria Gabriela Almeida Rodrigues, Vanderson de Souza Sampaio, et al.
Reference: 
Tropical Medicine & International Health, Volume24, Issue8 August 2019 Pages: 1003-1010

To assess the spatial distribution of TB and malaria incidence, as well as their spatial association with each other, regardless of environmental and socio‐economic factors commonly reported as determinants of both disease rates among the municipalities of Amazonas State, Brazil between 2012 and 2015.

NOT Open Access | Insecticide susceptibility status and major detoxifying enzymes activity in Anopheles subpictus from Kasur, Pakistan

August 9, 2019 - 14:49 -- NOT Open Access
Author(s): 
H. Naeem, M. Oneeb, K. Ashraf, M. I. Rashid, M. M. Nazir, S. Tabassum
Reference: 
Medical and Veterinary Entomology Volume33, Issue3 September 2019 Pages 336-344

Anopheles subpictus s.l. Grassi (Diptera: Culicidae) is a malaria vector in South Asia, where insecticides are the mainstay for vector control interventions.

Role of individual perceptions in the consistent use of malaria preventive measures: mixed methods evidence from rural Rwanda

August 9, 2019 - 14:47 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Domina Asingizwe, P. Marijn Poortvliet, Constantianus J. M. Koenraadt, Arnold J. H. van Vliet, Chantal Marie Ingabire, Leon Mutesa and Cees Leeuwis
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:270, 8 August 2019

Malaria preventive measures, including long-lasting insecticide-treated bet nets (LLINs), indoor residual spraying (IRS), and controlling mosquito breeding sites, are key measures to achieve malaria elimination. Still, compliance with these recommended measures remains a major challenge. By applying a novel and comprehensive model for determinants of malaria prevention behaviour, this study tests how individual perceptions influence the intentions to use malaria preventive measures and explores strategies that stimulate their consistent use.

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The impact of community-delivered models of malaria control and elimination: a systematic review

August 9, 2019 - 14:43 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Win Han Oo, Lisa Gold, Kerryn Moore, Paul A. Agius and Freya J. I. Fowkes
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:269, 6 August 2019

Community-delivered models have been widely used to reduce the burden of malaria. This review aimed to explore different community-delivered models and their relative effectiveness in terms of coverage and malaria-metric outcomes in order to inform the design and implementation of Community Health Worker (CHW) programmes for malaria control and elimination.

Are new national malaria strategic plans informed by the previous ones? A comprehensive assessment of sub-Saharan African countries from 2001 to present

August 6, 2019 - 16:17 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Andrew Andrada, Samantha Herrera and Yazoumé Yé
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:253, 29 July 2019

New national malaria strategic plans (NMSPs) should build upon the achievements and challenges identified during the implementation of previous plans, but there is limited research on the transition process between NMSPs. This study aims to fill this gap through an assessment of NMSPs across sub-Saharan Africa.

Theory of reactive interventions in the elimination and control of malaria

August 6, 2019 - 16:14 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Nakul Chitnis, Peter Pemberton-Ross, Josh Yukich, Busiku Hamainza, John Miller, Theresa Reiker, Thomas P. Eisele and Thomas A. Smith
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:266, 2 August 2019

Reactive case detection (RCD) is an integral part of many malaria control and elimination programmes and can be conceived of as a way of gradually decreasing transmission. However, it is unclear under what circumstances RCD may have a substantial impact on prevalence, how likely it is to lead to local elimination, or how effective it needs to be to prevent reintroduction after transmission has been interrupted.

Susceptibility testing of Anopheles malaria vectors with the neonicotinoid insecticide clothianidin; results from 16 African countries, in preparation for indoor residual spraying with new insecticide formulations

August 6, 2019 - 16:08 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Richard M. Oxborough, Aklilu Seyoum, Dereje Dengela, et al.
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:264, 1 August 2019

In 2017, more than 5 million house structures were sprayed through the U.S. President’s Malaria Initiative, protecting more than 21 million people in sub-Saharan Africa. New IRS formulations, SumiShield™ 50WG and Fludora Fusion™ WP-SB, became World Health Organization (WHO) prequalified vector control products in 2017 and 2018, respectively. Both formulations contain the neonicotinoid active ingredient, clothianidin. The target site of neonicotinoids represents a novel mode of action for vector control, meaning that cross-resistance through existing mechanisms is less likely. In preparation for rollout of clothianidin formulations as part of national IRS rotation strategies, baseline susceptibility testing was conducted in 16 countries in sub-Saharan Africa.

Models of effectiveness of interventions against malaria transmitted by Anopheles albimanus

August 5, 2019 - 16:41 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Olivier J. T. Briët, Daniel E. Impoinvil, Nakul Chitnis, Emilie Pothin, Jean Frantz Lemoine, Joseph Frederic and Thomas A. Smith
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:263, 1 August 2019

Most impact prediction of malaria vector control interventions has been based on African vectors. Anopheles albimanus, the main vector in Central America and the Caribbean, has higher intrinsic mortality, is more zoophilic and less likely to rest indoors. Therefore, relative impact among interventions may be different. Prioritizing interventions, in particular for eliminating Plasmodium falciparum from Haiti, should consider local vector characteristics.

Infected RBC flag/parameter provided by Mindray BC-6800 haematology analyzer aid the diagnosis of malaria

August 5, 2019 - 16:37 -- Open Access
Author(s): 
Yi Sun, Daijun Xiang, Chen Chen, Shang He, Huan Qi and Chengbin Wang
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:262, 31 July 2019

The Mindray BC-6800 haematology analyzer (BC-6800) provides a dedicated flag ‘Infected RBC’ (InR) and the number of InR (InR#)/the permillage of InR (InR‰) in routine blood testing as a screening tool for malaria in endemic areas. This study sought to evaluate the effectiveness of the BC-6800 flag parameter for aiding the diagnosis of malaria.

Dispensing practices for anti-malarials in the La Nkwantanang-Madina municipality, Greater Accra, Ghana: a cross-sectional study

August 5, 2019 - 16:23 -- Open Access
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Author(s): 
Charles Enyaah Amankwa, Harriet Affran Bonful, Kofi Agyabeng and Priscillia A. Nortey
Reference: 
Malaria Journal 2019 18:260, 30 July 2019

Despite recent strides made towards reducing the emergence of artemisinin resistance, inappropriate dispensing practices for anti-malarials in both private and public sectors affect treatment outcomes negatively. In Ghana, private retail pharmacies are the most accessible health facilities for managing diseases of common occurrence. However, there is growing concern about the number of patients harmed by dispensing errors in the management of malaria in retail pharmacies. Although considerable work has been done in this area, several questions regarding dispensing practices remain unanswered. This study, therefore, sought to investigate the predictors of appropriate dispensing practices for anti-malarials in community pharmacies in the La Nkwantanang-Madina municipality of Greater Accra, Ghana.

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